Norway

Last update: 29.04.2020 - older versions

In December 2017, Norway became the first country to completely switch off national FM services, completing a year-long process of switching off region by region. 99.7% of the population has access to DAB+ reception, 6 million receivers have been sold to date, and 100% of new cars have DAB+ fitted as standard.

WorldDAB report published in February 2020 showed that total radio listening in Norway is back to similar levels as achieved in 2016, prior to the digital switchover. Younger and older listeners have recovered fastest, and overall listening levels are stable with daily reach standing at 62-64%, and weekly reach at 88%. 

According to Nielsen's annual Audio report (published in February 2020), more than 3.4 million people (approximately 73% of the population aged 10+) now have DAB radio in their home. This figure includes both regular DAB radios as well as analog receivers with DAB adapters.

For comprehensive information see Norwegian Media Authority - webpage on the Digital Switchover.

Last update: 08.04.2020 - older versions

In Norway, 99.7% of the population has access to DAB reception. Public broadcaster NRK has 99.5% population coverage. Commercial stations have 92.8% coverage.

DAB network covers the same percentage of the population as the largest FM-network, and the commercial network reaches out to a large population. Tunnels have DAB-coverage from 2016, and all tunnels that require FM-coverage, will be equipped with DAB. All new tunnels longer than 500m will have DAB.

A coverage map can be found on the Digitalradio Norge website. (Enter address or choose postal zipcode and your requested channel, and the map will show the coverage of the relevant area. An orange colour indicates strong signals.)

A video showing some of the challenges of building a DAB network covering all of Norway`s challenging topography can be seen on the "Hva er digitalradio?" website.

Last update: 06.03.2019 - older versions

In this country there are

on air.

A full listing of the services on air in Norway is available at http://radio.no/dekning/#networks. There are 23 nation-wide channels, 9 commercial and 14 public.

NRK's stations are mainly distributed through their own regionalised DAB-network, though a few stations are temporarily distributed through the commercial DAB-network.

There are also 7 local networks in operation in Norway. In the Oslo area 18 channels are available, in addition to the national networks.

In the national and regional networks, both DAB and DAB+ are transmitted. By 2017, all stations transmit in DAB+. The local DAB-networks utilise DAB+ only.

Slideshow

NRK broadcasts Slideshow (SLS) on all of its stations except for the low bitrate weather station. The slideshows contain images of album covers, djs, trafic information, news bulletins, as well as images from RSS feeds, Instagram images and text, facebook images and text.

 

Both P4 and Bauer radio groups broadcast Slideshow on their DAB services as well.

TPEG traffic data

NRK launched TPEG service 7 July 2017, transmitting over NRK's DAB network with a coverage of 99.5% of the population in Norway. Made possible by using the open traffic data made available by the Norwegian Public Roads Administration, it's transmitted as TEC with RDS TMC and/or GLR locations. OpenLR is expected to be available soon as well.

The service is completely free to air, and NRK encourages manufacturers of receivers to make use of the data when possible. For interested parties NRK has example files available for testing, both as TPEG-binary and DAB ETI files.  DAB ETI files will also be available in the WorldDAB ETI Library shortly.

For coverage information, please check: https://radio.no/dekning/  (select "NRK" and "Basisdekning" to show coverage in car).

For any details, questions, comments, errors etc, please contact at tpeg@nrk.no.

The regional multiplexes (NRK)

NRK has 7 regional multiplexes, adding up to a nationally covering network that reach 99.5% of the population. NRK has 14 services in total, 10 of which are currently in the regional network. (4 are temporarily placed in the commercial network). 2 out of these 10 share one channel-slot, sharing the day between them. The main channel, NRK P1, and the digital-only station P1+, have localised content in each region some parts of the day. In each region there are 2 or 3 local versions of these stations (each region covers 2 or 3 counties). The other stations are similar across the country.

The commercial network

The commercial network has a coverage of 92.8% and contains 9 commercial services and (temporarily) 4 NRK services.

The local networks

In Norway, there are 37 regions for local DAB transmissions. An overview of the regions and the frequencies used can be found here. One operator is given licence in each region, and this operator must offer DAB-capacity openly, and at equal terms to all stations. In March 2016, licences for 18 of these regions were awarded for the period of Jan 1st 2017 - December 31st, 2031. 

Today, 6 local DAB networks are in operation, under a licence that will expire Dec 31st, 2016. The number of available stations is different by region. In the Oslo area there are 14 local DAB stations as of March 2016. 

Simulcast on AM / FM Exclusive on digital Total of services
DAB programmes 1 1 2
DAB+ programmes 20 193 213
Total21194215

Last update: 29.04.2020 - older versions

In 2019, 210,000 DAB+ cars factory-fitted with DAB+ were sold.

All new cars sold in Norway now come equipped with digital radio capabilities.

In Norway all new cars sold are now equipped with a DAB radio as standard, and according to the Nielse Audio 2020 report, in 2019, 67% of the population had access to DAB radio in their car. This is up 9% from 2018. Of those, 82% say they listen to DAB radio at least once a week while in their cars, while almost half listen to it on a daily basis.

 

Last update: 24.03.2020 - older versions

DAB sales penetration by population in Norway in 2018 was 88% by household. Sales of DAB receivers including in-car products, have been increasing steadily since their introduction into the market in 2009 when 63,000 were sold, compared to the 667,000 units sold in 2014.

In 2019, a total of 650,000 DAB+ radios were sold in Norway (210,000 of these in cars).

 

Last update: 24.03.2020 - older versions

Norway currently operates regular DAB+ services.

Last update: 08.04.2020 - older versions

The swtich-off of national FM services in Norway was carried out in 2017.

Key features of regulation for digital radio in Norway are:

  • Digital radio services are broadcast on Band III
  • All major FM-channels are broadcast on DAB
  • Broadcasting in Norway is regulated according to the Broadcasting Act/Law which gives NRK the right to broadcast nationally. Licences for the commercial broadcasters have been issued up to 2014.There is one national DAB multiplex in use today, seven regional ones (with total coverage corresponding to the national multiplex) plus 6 local multiplexes. One DMB multiplex is in use in the greater Oslo area (trial).The regional multiplexes are operated by NRK, and together they have a total coverage of 99.5%. This coverage is similar to the coverage of the national multiplex.
  • The commercial multiplex uses 12D for the entire country
  • There are also other multiplexes regulated for use in Norway including an additional commercial national mux, using 11A and 12A

Last update: 15.04.2020 - older versions

Information to the public is co-ordinated, and partly performed, by Digitalradio Norway which is owned by public broadcaster NRK, P4 Group and Bauer Media.

Ongoing campaigns to inform the public about the transition to broadcast digital radio have mainly used the radio as their medium. These have frequently been on air on commercial radio stations and on NRK's radio and TV-channels. Digitalradio Norway also operates www.radio.no, which includes news, DAB coverage maps, how-to articles and videos, as well  as information about the growing DAB channel selection in Norway. Digitalradio Norway also uses promoters whose role is to visit car and electronic dealers and advise on DAB and assist on any marketing activities.

To encourage commercial companies to maximise their efforts in promoting digital radio, commercial radio broadcasters offer copromotion opportunities, with on-air DAB-related campaigns which have proven to be very effective in increasing the awareness of DAB with consumers. The main focus is on ensuring availability of DAB in-car adaptors and securing a network of competent installers, and this focus is reflected in marketing and information activities.

 

 

Link to information films, broadcast on NRK and commercial TV-station. http://radio.no/digitalisering/utvider-radiotilbudet/ (in norwegian).

Information film about digital radio

Mythbuster webpage

Myths and mistakes continue to emerge in the discussion of DAB. Visit this page  to see the facts which Digitalradio Norway collected.

 

Last update: 27.06.2018 - older versions

All relevant tunnels in Norway  have DAB-coverage. Contrary to FM, where only a few channels have tunnel coverage, all channels on the outside of a tunnel will be available also on the inside.

In an emergency situation, the Road Authorities will be able to transmit messages on all DAB stations broadcast into the tunnel, from the outside of the tunnel or from the operations central.  This will effectively mean a higher security for all travellers in road tunnels, as messages will reach all radio listeners - not only those listening to a specific channel. In Norway there are approximately 260 road tunnels with broadcasting integrated today. At FM shutoff all of these will have DAB and accordingly all new tunnels longer than 500 meters with annual traffic over 5000 vehicles. 

Digital switchover – Norway listening back to pre-DSO levels, Switzerland DSO on the horizon
04.04.2019 - WorldDAB News - Norway Norway - Switzerland Switzerland
Norway opened the second day of the Radiodays Europe with a presentation titled: ‘Beyond FM – the new normal’, where Ole Jorgen Torvmark, who discussed Norway's successful transition to digital radio, was joined on stage by Arqiva’s Head of New Technology Simon Mason and Iso Reichsteiner, Project Manager of the DSO process in Switzerland.

(WorldDAB) Read more


Digital radio listening in Norway on the rise reveals new WorldDAB report
02.04.2019 - WorldDAB News - Norway Norway
WorldDAB has, as part of the Radio Days Europe conference in Lausanne, released a new report revealing how the switchover has impacted Norway’s radio listening. Amongst a number of key findings, the report indicates that total radio listening in 2019 is back to similar levels as achieved in 2016 before the digital switchover, and highlights that 86% of daily listeners now use DAB+, compared to only 55% in 2016.

(WorldDAB) Read more


Digital radio in Norway bearing fruit a year after the switchover
14.02.2019 - WorldDAB News - Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation (NRK) WorldDAB Member - Norway Norway
Just over a year after becoming the first country to complete its digital switchover, Norway remains at the centre of attention. In this article, WorldDAB reports on the current state of the radio industry in Norway, based on the keynote session of the Digital Radio Summit held at the European Broadcasting Union in Geneva, Switzerland.

(WorldDAB) Read more


EECC directive points to DAB+ as the future of radio
13.02.2019 - Norway Norway
The European Electronics Communication Code adopted by the EU at the end of 2018 mandates digital radio in cars by the end of 2020. While in theory, this directive could refer to DRM or HD Radio, it is assumed that this legislation refers to DAB+, the most commonly used form of digital radio in Europe. Many European countries are already operating DAB / DAB+ networks, although Norway is the only country to have entirely switched off its nation-wide FM network.

(Tu.no) Read more


New survey highlights growth in radio listening in Norway
16.01.2019 - Norway Norway
According to the figures released in the latest survey by Nielsen, the positive development in radio listening witnessed at the end of 2018 has continued into the new year, with daily coverage up by 14.2% compared to December 2018.

(Medier 24) Read more


POP by Sahaga DAB+ radios now available across Europe
23.11.2018 - Norway Norway
Sahaga, whose DAB+ radios are available across Europe, has announced it will continue to handle the Norwegian market following the country's digital switch over.

(sahaga.com) Read more


DAB+ radio included in new Norwegian safety campaign
19.10.2018 - Norway Norway
A DAB+ radio is an inclusion in the new Norwegian safety campaign: "You are part of Norway's preparedness". The brochure is by Norway's Directorate for Social Security and Preparedness, and has been launched in the event of extreme weather that could cause a loss in critical infrastructure, such as power, water and mobile networks.

(Radiobutikken) Read more


DAB is more robust than FM
19.10.2018 - Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation (NRK) WorldDAB Member - Norway Norway
The transmitter network for DAB+ is more robust than the old FM network, both in terms of signal feed and power supply. NRK has a broadcast-based digital broadcasting network that offers far more opportunities to alert the population with both text and sound in all channels simultaneously. The network is available all over the country, along roads and tunnels.

(Fredriksstad Blad) Read more


DAB is the future of Norwegian radio: Teknisk Ukeblad
18.10.2018 - Norway Norway
“The transition to DAB has had a democratising and inclusive effect,” states Jan M. Moberg, CEO of Norwegian engineering magazine Teknisk Ukeblad (TU). In a column, Mr Moberg states that DAB and mobile networks that represent radio’s future in Norway, and that current difficulties facing the new DAB network will be rectified, at the expense of FM.

(Teknisk Ukeblad) Read more


National radio listening in Norway remains stable
15.10.2018 - Norway Norway
The latest listening figures from Norway’s Radio Listening Authority show that national radio listening is stable. Meanwhile listening figures from the third quarter of 2018 show that the niche channels have consolidated their position vis-a-vis the main channels.

(Medietilsynet) Read more


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Key Information

Status: regular
Population: 5.4 million
Population coverage: Sparkline Graph 99.7%
Services: 2 DAB, 213 DAB+
New cars with DAB/DAB+ as standard: Sparkline Graph 98%
Total Sales (cumulative): 6,000,000 devices
Penetration by household: Sparkline Graph 88%
Last update: 31.07.2020

Useful Links

P4 – largest commercial radio group
Digital Radio Norway
Medietllsynet – Norwegian Media Authorities
NRK - public broadcaster in Norway
Norwegian proposal on the digitization of radio
Ministry of Culture – announcement of digitazation in 2017