Norway

Last update: 29.04.2020 - older versions

In December 2017, Norway became the first country to completely switch off national FM services, completing a year-long process of switching off region by region. 99.7% of the population has access to DAB+ reception, 6 million receivers have been sold to date, and 100% of new cars have DAB+ fitted as standard.

WorldDAB report published in February 2020 showed that total radio listening in Norway is back to similar levels as achieved in 2016, prior to the digital switchover. Younger and older listeners have recovered fastest, and overall listening levels are stable with daily reach standing at 62-64%, and weekly reach at 88%. 

According to Nielsen's annual Audio report (published in February 2020), more than 3.4 million people (approximately 73% of the population aged 10+) now have DAB radio in their home. This figure includes both regular DAB radios as well as analog receivers with DAB adapters.

For comprehensive information see Norwegian Media Authority - webpage on the Digital Switchover.

Last update: 08.04.2020 - older versions

In Norway, 99.7% of the population has access to DAB reception. Public broadcaster NRK has 99.5% population coverage. Commercial stations have 92.8% coverage.

DAB network covers the same percentage of the population as the largest FM-network, and the commercial network reaches out to a large population. Tunnels have DAB-coverage from 2016, and all tunnels that require FM-coverage, will be equipped with DAB. All new tunnels longer than 500m will have DAB.

A coverage map can be found on the Digitalradio Norge website. (Enter address or choose postal zipcode and your requested channel, and the map will show the coverage of the relevant area. An orange colour indicates strong signals.)

A video showing some of the challenges of building a DAB network covering all of Norway`s challenging topography can be seen on the "Hva er digitalradio?" website.

Last update: 06.03.2019 - older versions

In this country there are

on air.

A full listing of the services on air in Norway is available at http://radio.no/dekning/#networks. There are 23 nation-wide channels, 9 commercial and 14 public.

NRK's stations are mainly distributed through their own regionalised DAB-network, though a few stations are temporarily distributed through the commercial DAB-network.

There are also 7 local networks in operation in Norway. In the Oslo area 18 channels are available, in addition to the national networks.

In the national and regional networks, both DAB and DAB+ are transmitted. By 2017, all stations transmit in DAB+. The local DAB-networks utilise DAB+ only.

Slideshow

NRK broadcasts Slideshow (SLS) on all of its stations except for the low bitrate weather station. The slideshows contain images of album covers, djs, trafic information, news bulletins, as well as images from RSS feeds, Instagram images and text, facebook images and text.

 

Both P4 and Bauer radio groups broadcast Slideshow on their DAB services as well.

TPEG traffic data

NRK launched TPEG service 7 July 2017, transmitting over NRK's DAB network with a coverage of 99.5% of the population in Norway. Made possible by using the open traffic data made available by the Norwegian Public Roads Administration, it's transmitted as TEC with RDS TMC and/or GLR locations. OpenLR is expected to be available soon as well.

The service is completely free to air, and NRK encourages manufacturers of receivers to make use of the data when possible. For interested parties NRK has example files available for testing, both as TPEG-binary and DAB ETI files.  DAB ETI files will also be available in the WorldDAB ETI Library shortly.

For coverage information, please check: https://radio.no/dekning/  (select "NRK" and "Basisdekning" to show coverage in car).

For any details, questions, comments, errors etc, please contact at tpeg@nrk.no.

The regional multiplexes (NRK)

NRK has 7 regional multiplexes, adding up to a nationally covering network that reach 99.5% of the population. NRK has 14 services in total, 10 of which are currently in the regional network. (4 are temporarily placed in the commercial network). 2 out of these 10 share one channel-slot, sharing the day between them. The main channel, NRK P1, and the digital-only station P1+, have localised content in each region some parts of the day. In each region there are 2 or 3 local versions of these stations (each region covers 2 or 3 counties). The other stations are similar across the country.

The commercial network

The commercial network has a coverage of 92.8% and contains 9 commercial services and (temporarily) 4 NRK services.

The local networks

In Norway, there are 37 regions for local DAB transmissions. An overview of the regions and the frequencies used can be found here. One operator is given licence in each region, and this operator must offer DAB-capacity openly, and at equal terms to all stations. In March 2016, licences for 18 of these regions were awarded for the period of Jan 1st 2017 - December 31st, 2031. 

Today, 6 local DAB networks are in operation, under a licence that will expire Dec 31st, 2016. The number of available stations is different by region. In the Oslo area there are 14 local DAB stations as of March 2016. 

Simulcast on AM / FM Exclusive on digital Total of services
DAB programmes 1 1 2
DAB+ programmes 20 193 213
Total21194215

Last update: 29.04.2020 - older versions

In 2019, 210,000 DAB+ cars factory-fitted with DAB+ were sold.

All new cars sold in Norway now come equipped with digital radio capabilities.

In Norway all new cars sold are now equipped with a DAB radio as standard, and according to the Nielse Audio 2020 report, in 2019, 67% of the population had access to DAB radio in their car. This is up 9% from 2018. Of those, 82% say they listen to DAB radio at least once a week while in their cars, while almost half listen to it on a daily basis.

 

Last update: 24.03.2020 - older versions

DAB sales penetration by population in Norway in 2018 was 88% by household. Sales of DAB receivers including in-car products, have been increasing steadily since their introduction into the market in 2009 when 63,000 were sold, compared to the 667,000 units sold in 2014.

In 2019, a total of 650,000 DAB+ radios were sold in Norway (210,000 of these in cars).

 

Last update: 24.03.2020 - older versions

Norway currently operates regular DAB+ services.

Last update: 08.04.2020 - older versions

The swtich-off of national FM services in Norway was carried out in 2017.

Key features of regulation for digital radio in Norway are:

  • Digital radio services are broadcast on Band III
  • All major FM-channels are broadcast on DAB
  • Broadcasting in Norway is regulated according to the Broadcasting Act/Law which gives NRK the right to broadcast nationally. Licences for the commercial broadcasters have been issued up to 2014.There is one national DAB multiplex in use today, seven regional ones (with total coverage corresponding to the national multiplex) plus 6 local multiplexes. One DMB multiplex is in use in the greater Oslo area (trial).The regional multiplexes are operated by NRK, and together they have a total coverage of 99.5%. This coverage is similar to the coverage of the national multiplex.
  • The commercial multiplex uses 12D for the entire country
  • There are also other multiplexes regulated for use in Norway including an additional commercial national mux, using 11A and 12A

Last update: 15.04.2020 - older versions

Information to the public is co-ordinated, and partly performed, by Digitalradio Norway which is owned by public broadcaster NRK, P4 Group and Bauer Media.

Ongoing campaigns to inform the public about the transition to broadcast digital radio have mainly used the radio as their medium. These have frequently been on air on commercial radio stations and on NRK's radio and TV-channels. Digitalradio Norway also operates www.radio.no, which includes news, DAB coverage maps, how-to articles and videos, as well  as information about the growing DAB channel selection in Norway. Digitalradio Norway also uses promoters whose role is to visit car and electronic dealers and advise on DAB and assist on any marketing activities.

To encourage commercial companies to maximise their efforts in promoting digital radio, commercial radio broadcasters offer copromotion opportunities, with on-air DAB-related campaigns which have proven to be very effective in increasing the awareness of DAB with consumers. The main focus is on ensuring availability of DAB in-car adaptors and securing a network of competent installers, and this focus is reflected in marketing and information activities.

 

 

Link to information films, broadcast on NRK and commercial TV-station. http://radio.no/digitalisering/utvider-radiotilbudet/ (in norwegian).

Information film about digital radio

Mythbuster webpage

Myths and mistakes continue to emerge in the discussion of DAB. Visit this page  to see the facts which Digitalradio Norway collected.

 

Last update: 27.06.2018 - older versions

All relevant tunnels in Norway  have DAB-coverage. Contrary to FM, where only a few channels have tunnel coverage, all channels on the outside of a tunnel will be available also on the inside.

In an emergency situation, the Road Authorities will be able to transmit messages on all DAB stations broadcast into the tunnel, from the outside of the tunnel or from the operations central.  This will effectively mean a higher security for all travellers in road tunnels, as messages will reach all radio listeners - not only those listening to a specific channel. In Norway there are approximately 260 road tunnels with broadcasting integrated today. At FM shutoff all of these will have DAB and accordingly all new tunnels longer than 500 meters with annual traffic over 5000 vehicles. 

Stakeholders analyse early results of FM switch-off in Norway
26.03.2018 - Norway Norway
Regarding radio usage in Norway, three months after the national FMs were shut down, a listener survey shows the new digital stations have up to one third of all radio listening. Most radio listeners still tune into radio, and the new digital stations have shown strong growth.

(Radio magazine) Read more


Digital Radio UK hosts key stakeholder meeting with Norwegian counterparts on digital progress
23.03.2018 - United Kingdom United Kingdom - Norway Norway
At a Digital Radio UK event on Wednesday stakeholders from the Norwegian radio industry provided an update to their British counterparts on progress and key learnings from the world’s first digital radio switchover. In the UK it is expected that digital listening will reach the 50% when the next RAJAR results are published in May. Once this threshold has been met Government has committed to review its policy on a digital switchover.

(Radiocentre) Read more


Radiodays Europe switches onto Norway’s DSO
22.03.2018 - Austria Austria - Norway Norway - United Kingdom United Kingdom
Three months after completing the world’s first digital radio switchover, representatives from the Norwegian radio sector came together at Radiodays Europe in Vienna for an in-depth workshop session, with a panel of speakers reflecting the key stakeholders involved in the DSO process, with 200 delegates from 20 countries in attendance.

(WorldDAB) Read more


First listener survey results after Norway's digital switchover
21.03.2018 - Digitalradio Norge AS - Norway Norway
Listener loyalty has been recorded at 98% versus last year (Jan 18 v Jan 17), on a weekly listening basis. Listeners have stayed loyal through the switchover, even though daily listening has shown a bigger reduction than the weekly listening.

(Radioinfo) Read more


Norway's FM switch off is important topic at RadioDays
20.03.2018 - Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation (NRK) WorldDAB Member - Nordic Entertainment Group WorldDAB Member - Norway Norway
DAB has given many new choices to those seeking out new music. Listeners now have more choices than ever: Bauer Media has 25 new stations on air, as one example.

(Radio magazine) Read more


Norway after FM shut-off: new digital radio stations are a success story
20.03.2018 - Digitalradio Norge AS - Norway Norway - Austria Austria
Only 3 months after FM was switched off in Norway, a listener survey shows new digital stations have one third of all radio listening. Most radio listeners still tune in to radio, and the new digital stations have shown strong growth.

(Digital Radio Norway) Read more


Shutting Down Norway's FM: #RDE18
19.03.2018 - Norway Norway
The lessons of Norway's digital switch over last year was the topic of a focus workshop at Radiodays Europe on Sunday, with representatives across Norway's radio industry using social media to allow the listeners their say on what they really wanted from their radio stations.

(Asia Radio Today) Read more


Shutting Down Norway's FM: #RDE18
19.03.2018 - Norway Norway
The lessons of Norway's digital switch over last year was the topic of a focus workshop at Radiodays Europe on Sunday, with representatives across Norway's radio industry using social media to allow the listeners their say on what they really wanted from their radio stations.

(Radioinfo) Read more


Norwegian DSO workshop at Radiodays Europe
19.03.2018 - Norway Norway
Representatives across the broadcast radio industry in Norway discussed the nationwide digital switch over that took place last year during a focus workshop on Sunday at Radiodays Europe in Vienna.

(All Access Music Group) Read more


Large grant to boost digital radio in Norway
01.03.2018 - Norway Norway
The Norwegian Media Authority has distributed NOK19.5m to support local radio and video services in 2018, with half of that amount invested to support the digitisation of local radio to DAB+.

(Lokalradio) Read more


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Key Information

Status: regular
Population: 5.4 million
Population coverage: Sparkline Graph 99.7%
Services: 2 DAB, 213 DAB+
New cars with DAB/DAB+ as standard: Sparkline Graph 98%
Total Sales (cumulative): 6,000,000 devices
Penetration by household: Sparkline Graph 88%
Last update: 31.07.2020

Useful Links

P4 – largest commercial radio group
Digital Radio Norway
Medietllsynet – Norwegian Media Authorities
NRK - public broadcaster in Norway
Norwegian proposal on the digitization of radio
Ministry of Culture – announcement of digitazation in 2017