Norway

Last update: 24.03.2020 - older versions

In December 2017, Norway became the first country to completely switch off national FM services, completing a year-long process of switching off region by region. 

99.7% of the population has access to DAB+ reception with almost 6 million receivers sold to date.

The switchover process started in January 2017 applied to all national radio stations and commercial local radio stations broadcasting in larger cities. Community radio and smaller local radio stations will continue to broadcast on FM for five more years after national switch off, at which point licences will be reviewed.

In March 2019, a report released by WorldDAB, at the Radio Days Europe conference in Lausanne, revealed how the switchover has impacted Norway’s radio listening.

An updated version of the WorldDAB report published in February 2020 showed that total radio listening in Norway is back to similar levels as achieved in 2016, prior to the digital switchover. According to the report, younger and older listeners have recovered fastest, and overall listening levels are stable with daily reach standing at 62-64%, and weekly reach at 88%.

Norwegian Media Authority - webpage on the Digital Switchover

Last update: 09.01.2017 - older versions

In Norway, 99.5% of the population has access to DAB reception. Public broadcaster NRK has 99.5% population coverage. Commercial stations have 92.8% coverage.

DAB network covers the same percentage of the population as the largest FM-network, and the commercial network reaches out to a large population. Tunnels have DAB-coverage from 2016, and all tunnels that require FM-coverage, will be equipped with DAB. All new tunnels longer than 500m will have DAB.

Contrary to FM, where only a few channels have tunnel coverage, all channels on air outside.

416 tunnels will have DAB by 2020, however most will be completed by 2017. The coverage area for DAB is equal to or better than the FM-network.

A coverage map can be found on the Digitalradio Norge website. (Enter address or choose postal zipcode and your requested channel, and the map will show the coverage of the relevant area. An orange colour indicates strong signals.)

A video showing some of the challenges of building a DAB network covering all of Norway`s challenging topography can be seen on the "Hva er digitalradio?" website.

Last update: 06.03.2019 - older versions

In this country there are

on air.

A full listing of the services on air in Norway is available at http://radio.no/dekning/#networks. There are 23 nation-wide channels, 9 commercial and 14 public.

NRK's stations are mainly distributed through their own regionalised DAB-network, though a few stations are temporarily distributed through the commercial DAB-network.

There are also 7 local networks in operation in Norway. In the Oslo area 18 channels are available, in addition to the national networks.

In the national and regional networks, both DAB and DAB+ are transmitted. By 2017, all stations transmit in DAB+. The local DAB-networks utilise DAB+ only.

Slideshow

NRK broadcasts Slideshow (SLS) on all of its stations except for the low bitrate weather station. The slideshows contain images of album covers, djs, trafic information, news bulletins, as well as images from RSS feeds, Instagram images and text, facebook images and text.

 

Both P4 and Bauer radio groups broadcast Slideshow on their DAB services as well.

TPEG traffic data

NRK launched TPEG service 7 July 2017, transmitting over NRK's DAB network with a coverage of 99.5% of the population in Norway. Made possible by using the open traffic data made available by the Norwegian Public Roads Administration, it's transmitted as TEC with RDS TMC and/or GLR locations. OpenLR is expected to be available soon as well.

The service is completely free to air, and NRK encourages manufacturers of receivers to make use of the data when possible. For interested parties NRK has example files available for testing, both as TPEG-binary and DAB ETI files.  DAB ETI files will also be available in the WorldDAB ETI Library shortly.

For coverage information, please check: https://radio.no/dekning/  (select "NRK" and "Basisdekning" to show coverage in car).

For any details, questions, comments, errors etc, please contact at tpeg@nrk.no.

The regional multiplexes (NRK)

NRK has 7 regional multiplexes, adding up to a nationally covering network that reach 99.5% of the population. NRK has 14 services in total, 10 of which are currently in the regional network. (4 are temporarily placed in the commercial network). 2 out of these 10 share one channel-slot, sharing the day between them. The main channel, NRK P1, and the digital-only station P1+, have localised content in each region some parts of the day. In each region there are 2 or 3 local versions of these stations (each region covers 2 or 3 counties). The other stations are similar across the country.

The commercial network

The commercial network has a coverage of 92.8% and contains 9 commercial services and (temporarily) 4 NRK services.

The local networks

In Norway, there are 37 regions for local DAB transmissions. An overview of the regions and the frequencies used can be found here. One operator is given licence in each region, and this operator must offer DAB-capacity openly, and at equal terms to all stations. In March 2016, licences for 18 of these regions were awarded for the period of Jan 1st 2017 - December 31st, 2031. 

Today, 6 local DAB networks are in operation, under a licence that will expire Dec 31st, 2016. The number of available stations is different by region. In the Oslo area there are 14 local DAB stations as of March 2016. 

Simulcast on AM / FM Exclusive on digital Total of services
DAB programmes 1 1 2
DAB+ programmes 20 193 213
Total21194215

Last update: 24.03.2020 - older versions

In 2019, 210,000 DAB+ cars factory-fitted with DAB+ were sold.

All new cars sold in Norway now come equipped with digital radio capabilities.

Acccording to the Nielsen Audio Norway Annual Survey 2019, not a part of this report, concludes that 67% of Norwegians currently have DAB in their cars - an increase of 9 percentage points compared to 2018.

 

Last update: 24.03.2020 - older versions

DAB sales penetration by population in Norway in 2018 was 88% by household. Sales of DAB receivers including in-car products, have been increasing steadily since their introduction into the market in 2009 when 63,000 were sold, compared to the 667,000 units sold in 2014.

In 2019, a total of 650,000 DAB+ radios were sold in Norway (210,000 of these in cars).

 

Last update: 24.03.2020 - older versions

Norway currently operates regular DAB+ services.

Last update: 09.01.2017 - older versions

Key features of regulation for digital radio in Norway are:

  • Digital radio services are broadcast on Band III
  • All major FM-channels are broadcast on DAB
  • Broadcasting in Norway is regulated according to the Broadcasting Act/Law which gives NRK the right to broadcast nationally. Licences for the commercial broadcasters have been issued up to 2014.There is one national DAB multiplex in use today, seven regional ones (with total coverage corresponding to the national multiplex) plus 6 local multiplexes. One DMB multiplex is in use in the greater Oslo area (trial).The regional multiplexes are operated by NRK, and together they have a total coverage of 99.5%. This coverage is similar to the coverage of the national multiplex.
  • The commercial multiplex uses 12D for the entire country
  • There are also other multiplexes regulated for use in Norway including an additional commercial national mux, using 11A and 12A

Analogue radio switch-off is planned for 2017 as the following switchover criteria has been met:

  1. NRK must achieve coverage of 99.5% by 2015.
  2. Commercial broadcasters on the national network #1 are required to reach 90% of the population
  3. At least 50% of listeners must daily use a digital platform in 2015. Digital platforms also include listening via the Internet and digital TV. This does not specify market share of listening, but only reach.
  4. The solutions for Digital radio in cars must be at an economically and technically satisfactory level for consumers. All counties and half of all municipalities must have established services for aftermarked-service in 2015.
  5. Digital radio to constitute an added value for the listeners

Last update: 27.06.2018 - older versions

Information to the public is co-ordinated, and partly performed, by Digitalradio Norway which is owned by public broadcaster NRK, P4 Group and Bauer Media.

Ongoing campaigns to inform the public about the transition to broadcast digital radio have mainly used the radio as their medium. These have frequently been on air on commercial radio stations and on NRK's radio and TV-channels. Digitalradio Norway also operates www.radio.no, which includes news, DAB coverage maps, how-to articles and videos, as well  as information about the growing DAB channel selection in Norway. Digitalradio Norway also uses promoters whose role is to visit car and electronic dealers and advise on DAB and assist on any marketing activities.

To encourage commercial companies to maximise their efforts in promoting digital radio, commercial radio broadcasters offer copromotion opportunities, with on-air DAB-related campaigns which have proven to be very effective in increasing the awareness of DAB with consumers. The main focus is on ensuring availability of DAB in-car adaptors and securing a network of competent installers, and this focus is reflected in marketing and information activities.

 

 

Link to information films, broadcast on NRK and commercial TV-station. http://radio.no/digitalisering/utvider-radiotilbudet/ (in norwegian).

Information film about digital radio

Mythbuster webpage

Myths and mistakes continue to emerge in the discussion of DAB. On this page Digitalradio Norway collected the facts. 

 

Last update: 27.06.2018 - older versions

All relevant tunnels in Norway  have DAB-coverage. Contrary to FM, where only a few channels have tunnel coverage, all channels on the outside of a tunnel will be available also on the inside.

In an emergency situation, the Road Authorities will be able to transmit messages on all DAB stations broadcast into the tunnel, from the outside of the tunnel or from the operations central.  This will effectively mean a higher security for all travellers in road tunnels, as messages will reach all radio listeners - not only those listening to a specific channel. In Norway there are approximately 260 road tunnels with broadcasting integrated today. At FM shutoff all of these will have DAB and accordingly all new tunnels longer than 500 meters with annual traffic over 5000 vehicles. 

WorldDAB member focus - Paneda
07.04.2020 - Paneda WorldDAB Member - Norway Norway
In this series of interviews with WorldDAB members, Lars-Peder Lundgren from Paneda explains what markets and solutions are supported by Paneda, as well as highlighting some of the projects recently carried out by the company.

Read more


New WorldDAB reports indicates stabilised listening figures in Norway
18.03.2020 - WorldDAB News - Norway Norway
WorldDAB's updated report reveals how the switchover has impacted Norway’s radio listening figures. Amongst a number of key findings, the report indicates stabilised listening levels around 62 – 64% daily and 86-88% weekly reach, while a total of 650,000 DAB+ radios were sold in Norway in 2019, 210,000 of those in cars.

Read more


Local radio stations launch on DAB+ in Norway's Sandefjord
17.03.2020 - Norway Norway
Kontakt Radio and Misjonsradioen (Mission Radio), two popular radio stations in Sandefjord - a city located in the region of Vestfold, Eastern Norway - are now available to listeners on DAB+.

Read more


Nielsen research indicates a bright future for Norwegian radio
05.02.2020 - Norway Norway
Measurement of national channels shows an overall positive trend over the last three years, with radio listening continuing to rise. With the challenge from global platforms it remains important for Norway to have strong national and local radio channels. Norwegians spend 90 minutes on radio daily and the medium remains central to people's everyday lives.

Read more


Bauer Media reject negative attitudes to Norwegian radio's DSO
27.01.2020 - Norway Norway
That radio listening is almost the same level as before FM switch off is a success story that should have received far more attention in the media. One cannot draw conclusions based on a single week's listening - radio listening in Norway remains one of the largest media coverages, and increased diversity means there is now a channel to suit every taste.

Read more


Another DAB multiplexer order in Norway
07.11.2019 - Paneda WorldDAB Member - Norway Norway
Paneda has just received another order for the local radio operator KSU24/7, located in the mid-west of Norway. The order contains the Paneda DAB multiplexer and encoders using a the dedicated Paneda 1U hardware containing multiplexer.

Read more


Norway listening figures stable shows new data
19.09.2019 - WorldDAB News - Norway Norway
New data published as part of WorldDAB's report on the radio industry and listening figures in Norway shows that total radio listening is back to similar levels as achieved in 2016, prior to the digital switchover. Younger and older listeners have recovered fastest, and overall listening levels are stable with daily reach standing at 63-64%, and weekly reach at 88%.

Read more


Norway - 1 year on and lessons learnt post DAB+
08.04.2019 - Norway Norway
In this podcast, Radioinfo's Wayne Stamm speaks to Norsk Radio CEO Ole Jorgen Torvmark about the lessons learnt in the first year following the digital switchover.

Read more


Digital switchover – Norway listening back to pre-DSO levels, Switzerland DSO on the horizon
04.04.2019 - WorldDAB News - Norway Norway - Switzerland Switzerland
Norway opened the second day of the Radiodays Europe with a presentation titled: ‘Beyond FM – the new normal’, where Ole Jorgen Torvmark, who discussed Norway's successful transition to digital radio, was joined on stage by Arqiva’s Head of New Technology Simon Mason and Iso Reichsteiner, Project Manager of the DSO process in Switzerland.

Read more


Digital radio listening in Norway on the rise reveals new WorldDAB report
02.04.2019 - WorldDAB News - Norway Norway
WorldDAB has, as part of the Radio Days Europe conference in Lausanne, released a new report revealing how the switchover has impacted Norway’s radio listening. Amongst a number of key findings, the report indicates that total radio listening in 2019 is back to similar levels as achieved in 2016 before the digital switchover, and highlights that 86% of daily listeners now use DAB+, compared to only 55% in 2016.

Read more


Select Country:

Key Information

Status: regular
Population: 5.4 million
Population coverage: Sparkline Graph 99.7%
Services: 2 DAB, 213 DAB+
New cars with DAB/DAB+ as standard: Sparkline Graph 100%
Total Sales (cumulative): 6,000,000 devices
Penetration by household: Sparkline Graph 88%
Last update: 24.03.2020

Useful Links

P4 – largest commercial radio group
Digital Radio Norway
Medietllsynet – Norwegian Media Authorities
NRK - public broadcaster in Norway
Norwegian proposal on the digitization of radio
Ministry of Culture – announcement of digitazation in 2017