Norway

Last update: 29.04.2020 - older versions

In December 2017, Norway became the first country to completely switch off national FM services, completing a year-long process of switching off region by region. 99.7% of the population has access to DAB+ reception, 6 million receivers have been sold to date, and 100% of new cars have DAB+ fitted as standard.

WorldDAB report published in February 2020 showed that total radio listening in Norway is back to similar levels as achieved in 2016, prior to the digital switchover. Younger and older listeners have recovered fastest, and overall listening levels are stable with daily reach standing at 62-64%, and weekly reach at 88%. 

According to Nielsen's annual Audio report (published in February 2020), more than 3.4 million people (approximately 73% of the population aged 10+) now have DAB radio in their home. This figure includes both regular DAB radios as well as analog receivers with DAB adapters.

For comprehensive information see Norwegian Media Authority - webpage on the Digital Switchover.

Last update: 08.04.2020 - older versions

In Norway, 99.7% of the population has access to DAB reception. Public broadcaster NRK has 99.5% population coverage. Commercial stations have 92.8% coverage.

DAB network covers the same percentage of the population as the largest FM-network, and the commercial network reaches out to a large population. Tunnels have DAB-coverage from 2016, and all tunnels that require FM-coverage, will be equipped with DAB. All new tunnels longer than 500m will have DAB.

A coverage map can be found on the Digitalradio Norge website. (Enter address or choose postal zipcode and your requested channel, and the map will show the coverage of the relevant area. An orange colour indicates strong signals.)

A video showing some of the challenges of building a DAB network covering all of Norway`s challenging topography can be seen on the "Hva er digitalradio?" website.

Last update: 17.10.2022 - older versions

In this country there are

on air.

Please note:

(a)    These web pages are updated regularly to reflect current services on air, however they may not be exactly up to date.

(b)    The logos shown on these pages are for illustrative purposes only – manufacturers and broadcasters are directed here for information on implementing station logos.

A full listing of the services on air in Norway is available at http://radio.no/dekning/#networks. There are 32 nationwide channels, 18 commercial and 15 public.

NRK's stations are distributed through their own regionalised DAB network.

There are a number of different local networks available all over the country. The number of local networks and transmitters is increasing.

In the national and regional networks, both DAB and DAB+ are transmitted. By 2017, all stations are transmitted in DAB+. The local DAB networks utilise DAB+ only.

Slideshow

NRK broadcasts Slideshow (SLS) on all of its stations except for the low-bitrate weather station. The slideshows contain images of album covers, DJs, traffic information.

 

Both P4 and Bauer radio groups broadcast Slideshow on their DAB services as well.

TPEG traffic data

There is one TPEG service on air from the commercial broadcasters on the national ensemble “Riks.

The regional multiplexes (NRK)

NRK has 7 regional multiplexes, adding up to a nationally covering network that reaches 99.8% of the population. NRK has 15 services in total. Two out of these 10 share the day between them. The main channel, NRK P1 has localised content in each region some parts of the day. In each region, there are three local versions of this station (each region covers 2 or 3 counties). The other stations are similar across the country.

The commercial networks

  • “RIKS”

The commercial national network has a coverage of 92.8% and contains 18 commercial services, two SPI services and one TPEG service.

  • “RIKS 2”

The second commercial national network with a planned coverage of 80% contains so far 9 commercial services. The network consists of 17 transmitters (as of October 2022).

The local networks

In Norway, there are 37 regions for local DAB transmissions. An overview of the regions and the frequencies used can be found here. One operator is given a licence in each region, and this operator must offer DAB capacity openly, and at equal terms to all stations. In October 2022 there were 33 active local DAB networks with, in total, 145 transmitters. Licenses for the local DAB networks are awarded until December 31st, 2031. 

The number of local networks is increasing and there are ongoing building of transmitters for local DAB networks.

Simulcast on AM / FM Exclusive on digital Total of services
DAB programmes 1 1 2
DAB+ programmes 20 193 213
Total21194215

Last update: 22.06.2021 - older versions

All new cars sold in Norway come equipped with digital radio capabilities.

According to the Nielsen Audio report from January 2021, 71% of the population had access to DAB radio in their car in 2020. This is up by four percentage points from 2019. Of those, 90% say they listen to DAB radio at least once a week while in their cars, while almost half, listen to it on a daily basis.

 

Last update: 22.06.2021 - older versions

In Norway, cumulative DAB/DAB+ receiver sales as of Q4 2020 stood at 7,000,000 (including line-fit automotive)

DAB sales penetration by population in Norway in 2018 was 88% by household. Sales of DAB receivers including in-car products have been increasing steadily since their introduction into the market in 2009 when 63,000 were sold, compared to the 667,000 units sold in 2014.

In 2020, a total of 500,000 DAB+ radios were sold in Norway (200,000 of these for cars).

 

Last update: 24.03.2020 - older versions

Norway currently operates regular DAB+ services.

Last update: 08.04.2020 - older versions

The swtich-off of national FM services in Norway was carried out in 2017.

Key features of regulation for digital radio in Norway are:

  • Digital radio services are broadcast on Band III
  • All major FM-channels are broadcast on DAB
  • Broadcasting in Norway is regulated according to the Broadcasting Act/Law which gives NRK the right to broadcast nationally. Licences for the commercial broadcasters have been issued up to 2014.There is one national DAB multiplex in use today, seven regional ones (with total coverage corresponding to the national multiplex) plus 6 local multiplexes. One DMB multiplex is in use in the greater Oslo area (trial).The regional multiplexes are operated by NRK, and together they have a total coverage of 99.5%. This coverage is similar to the coverage of the national multiplex.
  • The commercial multiplex uses 12D for the entire country
  • There are also other multiplexes regulated for use in Norway including an additional commercial national mux, using 11A and 12A

Last update: 15.04.2020 - older versions

Information to the public is co-ordinated, and partly performed, by Digitalradio Norway which is owned by public broadcaster NRK, P4 Group and Bauer Media.

Ongoing campaigns to inform the public about the transition to broadcast digital radio have mainly used the radio as their medium. These have frequently been on air on commercial radio stations and on NRK's radio and TV-channels. Digitalradio Norway also operates www.radio.no, which includes news, DAB coverage maps, how-to articles and videos, as well  as information about the growing DAB channel selection in Norway. Digitalradio Norway also uses promoters whose role is to visit car and electronic dealers and advise on DAB and assist on any marketing activities.

To encourage commercial companies to maximise their efforts in promoting digital radio, commercial radio broadcasters offer copromotion opportunities, with on-air DAB-related campaigns which have proven to be very effective in increasing the awareness of DAB with consumers. The main focus is on ensuring availability of DAB in-car adaptors and securing a network of competent installers, and this focus is reflected in marketing and information activities.

 

 

Link to information films, broadcast on NRK and commercial TV-station. http://radio.no/digitalisering/utvider-radiotilbudet/ (in norwegian).

Information film about digital radio

Mythbuster webpage

Myths and mistakes continue to emerge in the discussion of DAB. Visit this page  to see the facts which Digitalradio Norway collected.

 

Last update: 27.06.2018 - older versions

All relevant tunnels in Norway  have DAB-coverage. Contrary to FM, where only a few channels have tunnel coverage, all channels on the outside of a tunnel will be available also on the inside.

In an emergency situation, the Road Authorities will be able to transmit messages on all DAB stations broadcast into the tunnel, from the outside of the tunnel or from the operations central.  This will effectively mean a higher security for all travellers in road tunnels, as messages will reach all radio listeners - not only those listening to a specific channel. In Norway there are approximately 260 road tunnels with broadcasting integrated today. At FM shutoff all of these will have DAB and accordingly all new tunnels longer than 500 meters with annual traffic over 5000 vehicles. 

Norwegian authorities: "A good emergency radio has DAB+"
16.12.2022 - Norway Norway
The Norwegian Communications Authority (Nkom) reports several inquiries from consumers who state that so-called emergency radios or emergency radios are being sold that do not meet the requirements that have been set. If you find a radio dealer or an advertisement that says that an FM radio is a full-fledged emergency radio, this is not correct. A good emergency radio has DAB+ technology, and can be used both on 230V and on batteries. That's what department director at Nkom, John-Eivind Velure, says. He further emphasises: — In Norway, NRK P1 is responsible for broadcasting important messages to the population in a crisis situation. They can break in with important messages on all channels, so it doesn't matter if you listen to P13 or P1+. Local FM networks are only an addition that can be used if other mobile radio and TV networks are down. Nkom has notified the Norwegian Consumer Protection Authority and asked them to consider examining the sales communication for products sold as emergency radios.

(Nasjonal kommunikasjonsmyndigheit (Nkom) ) Read more


Switching off FM in Norway and, soon, Switzerland
24.11.2022 - WorldDAB News - Norway Norway - Switzerland Switzerland
In 2017, Norway switched off its FM radio services, compelling Norwegians to tune to DAB+. In 2024, Switzerland is set to switch off its own FM services, forcing the Swiss to use DAB+ for over-the-air radio too. The impact of these “FM switch-offs” on domestic commercial radio was examined during the WorldDAB Summit 2022. It was held by WorldDAB, the global industry forum for DAB digital radio, at London’s Kings Place and online on Nov. 17. In a session entitled, “Norway 5 years on and Switzerland 2024,” Digital Radio Norway CEO Ole Jørgen Torvmark asked Norway’s Kenneth Andresen (VP/Head of Radio at Viaplay Group aka P4 Group) and Switzerland’s Nicola Bomio (Head of Radio with CH Media Entertainment) for commercial radio’s take on replacing FM/analog radio with DAB+/digital radio.

(Radio World) Read more


Easier to apply for a content licence on DAB
27.06.2022 - Norway Norway
Are you applying for a content licence for DAB radio? You can now submit the application on My page at the Norwegian Media Authority. To broadcast radio on DAB, a content licence is required. This applies to both nationwide radio and local radio. Before you can apply for a licence, you must enter into an agreement with the operator of the transmitter system you want to send to. Now this can be done easily via My page at the Norwegian Media Authority.

(Norsk Lokalradioforbund) Read more


Nkom and the Norwegian Media Authority clarify criteria for approval of DAB transmitters in the local radio block
30.05.2022 - Norway Norway
DAB local radio is now established in most regions in Norway and optimisation and improvement of coverage is underway. In this connection, Nkom wishes to clarify criteria for approval of DAB transmitters. The goal is to make it predictable, and easier for the industry to plan changes to their network.

(Nkom) Read more


Norway: Local radio receives NOK eight million in support - half goes to cover DAB expenses
13.05.2022 - Norway Norway
The Norwegian Media Authority allocates NOK 8.2 million (EUR 0.83m) in support to local radio, of which NOK 4.4 million (EUR 0.44m) will be used to cover the expenses that local radio stations have to broadcast on DAB. "Local radios have tight finances. This support contributes to local radio being able to offer its programme content on DAB," says Hanne Nistad Sekkelsten, director of the legal and regulatory department at the Norwegian Media Authority.

(Medietilsynet) Read more


Norway digital radio statistics published
17.02.2022 - Norway Norway
Statistics for the consumer electronics year 2021 in Norway have been published by the Electronics Industry Foundation. Total turnover in Norway for digital radio products in 2021 remained steady at 572,000.

(Electronics Industry Foundation) Read more


The majority of Norwegians are satisfied with DAB+
09.12.2020 - Norway Norway
According to the Norwegian Media Authority, over half (58 percent) of Norwegians are satisfied with DAB+ services. Compared to the same survey from last year, there has been an increase in the percentage of satisfied consumers, and a decrease of unsatisfied consumers.

(Dagbladet) Read more


Norway - A-Media wins bid for second national ensemble
08.12.2020 - Norway Norway
In Norway, an auction has been held to award the licence for a second national ensemble. The winning bid was placed by A-Media AS. The licence is valid until December 31 2031.

(NTB) Read more


Switzerland to become second country to switch off FM
25.11.2020 - Switzerland Switzerland - Norway Norway
In Switzerland, digital listening stands at 71%, and DAB+ is already the most widely used radio distribution platform in the country claiming 39% of all listening, compared to only 13% for FM. Speaking at the WorldDAB General Assembly earlier this month, Iso Rechsteiner outlined the next steps for the radio industry in Switzerland.

(WorldDAB) Read more


Nkom invites bids for Sogn DAB radio permits
16.10.2020 - Norway Norway
Norwegian communications regulator Nkom has announced the start of the auction for DAB frequencies in the Sogn region on 16 October. Registration documents must be submitted by 6 November with the bidding deadline on 13 November. Results will be announced on 18 November.

(Telecompaper) Read more


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Key Information

Status: regular
Population: 5.4 million
Population coverage: Sparkline Graph 99.7%
Services: 2 DAB, 213 DAB+
Line-fit automotive sales (cumulative): 2,000,000 devices
New cars with DAB/DAB+ as standard: Sparkline Graph 100%
Total Sales (cumulative): 7,000,000 devices
Penetration by household: Sparkline Graph 73%
Last update: 18.06.2021

Useful Links

P4 – largest commercial radio group
Digital Radio Norway
Medietllsynet – Norwegian Media Authorities
NRK - public broadcaster in Norway
Norwegian proposal on the digitization of radio
Ministry of Culture – announcement of digitazation in 2017