Norway

Last update: 29.04.2020 - older versions

In December 2017, Norway became the first country to completely switch off national FM services, completing a year-long process of switching off region by region. 99.7% of the population has access to DAB+ reception, 6 million receivers have been sold to date, and 100% of new cars have DAB+ fitted as standard.

WorldDAB report published in February 2020 showed that total radio listening in Norway is back to similar levels as achieved in 2016, prior to the digital switchover. Younger and older listeners have recovered fastest, and overall listening levels are stable with daily reach standing at 62-64%, and weekly reach at 88%. 

According to Nielsen's annual Audio report (published in February 2020), more than 3.4 million people (approximately 73% of the population aged 10+) now have DAB radio in their home. This figure includes both regular DAB radios as well as analog receivers with DAB adapters.

For comprehensive information see Norwegian Media Authority - webpage on the Digital Switchover.

Last update: 08.04.2020 - older versions

In Norway, 99.7% of the population has access to DAB reception. Public broadcaster NRK has 99.5% population coverage. Commercial stations have 92.8% coverage.

DAB network covers the same percentage of the population as the largest FM-network, and the commercial network reaches out to a large population. Tunnels have DAB-coverage from 2016, and all tunnels that require FM-coverage, will be equipped with DAB. All new tunnels longer than 500m will have DAB.

A coverage map can be found on the Digitalradio Norge website. (Enter address or choose postal zipcode and your requested channel, and the map will show the coverage of the relevant area. An orange colour indicates strong signals.)

A video showing some of the challenges of building a DAB network covering all of Norway`s challenging topography can be seen on the "Hva er digitalradio?" website.

Last update: 06.03.2019 - older versions

In this country there are

on air.

A full listing of the services on air in Norway is available at http://radio.no/dekning/#networks. There are 23 nation-wide channels, 9 commercial and 14 public.

NRK's stations are mainly distributed through their own regionalised DAB-network, though a few stations are temporarily distributed through the commercial DAB-network.

There are also 7 local networks in operation in Norway. In the Oslo area 18 channels are available, in addition to the national networks.

In the national and regional networks, both DAB and DAB+ are transmitted. By 2017, all stations transmit in DAB+. The local DAB-networks utilise DAB+ only.

Slideshow

NRK broadcasts Slideshow (SLS) on all of its stations except for the low bitrate weather station. The slideshows contain images of album covers, djs, trafic information, news bulletins, as well as images from RSS feeds, Instagram images and text, facebook images and text.

 

Both P4 and Bauer radio groups broadcast Slideshow on their DAB services as well.

TPEG traffic data

NRK launched TPEG service 7 July 2017, transmitting over NRK's DAB network with a coverage of 99.5% of the population in Norway. Made possible by using the open traffic data made available by the Norwegian Public Roads Administration, it's transmitted as TEC with RDS TMC and/or GLR locations. OpenLR is expected to be available soon as well.

The service is completely free to air, and NRK encourages manufacturers of receivers to make use of the data when possible. For interested parties NRK has example files available for testing, both as TPEG-binary and DAB ETI files.  DAB ETI files will also be available in the WorldDAB ETI Library shortly.

For coverage information, please check: https://radio.no/dekning/  (select "NRK" and "Basisdekning" to show coverage in car).

For any details, questions, comments, errors etc, please contact at tpeg@nrk.no.

The regional multiplexes (NRK)

NRK has 7 regional multiplexes, adding up to a nationally covering network that reach 99.5% of the population. NRK has 14 services in total, 10 of which are currently in the regional network. (4 are temporarily placed in the commercial network). 2 out of these 10 share one channel-slot, sharing the day between them. The main channel, NRK P1, and the digital-only station P1+, have localised content in each region some parts of the day. In each region there are 2 or 3 local versions of these stations (each region covers 2 or 3 counties). The other stations are similar across the country.

The commercial network

The commercial network has a coverage of 92.8% and contains 9 commercial services and (temporarily) 4 NRK services.

The local networks

In Norway, there are 37 regions for local DAB transmissions. An overview of the regions and the frequencies used can be found here. One operator is given licence in each region, and this operator must offer DAB-capacity openly, and at equal terms to all stations. In March 2016, licences for 18 of these regions were awarded for the period of Jan 1st 2017 - December 31st, 2031. 

Today, 6 local DAB networks are in operation, under a licence that will expire Dec 31st, 2016. The number of available stations is different by region. In the Oslo area there are 14 local DAB stations as of March 2016. 

Simulcast on AM / FM Exclusive on digital Total of services
DAB programmes 1 1 2
DAB+ programmes 20 193 213
Total21194215

Last update: 29.04.2020 - older versions

In 2019, 210,000 DAB+ cars factory-fitted with DAB+ were sold.

All new cars sold in Norway now come equipped with digital radio capabilities.

In Norway all new cars sold are now equipped with a DAB radio as standard, and according to the Nielse Audio 2020 report, in 2019, 67% of the population had access to DAB radio in their car. This is up 9% from 2018. Of those, 82% say they listen to DAB radio at least once a week while in their cars, while almost half listen to it on a daily basis.

 

Last update: 24.03.2020 - older versions

DAB sales penetration by population in Norway in 2018 was 88% by household. Sales of DAB receivers including in-car products, have been increasing steadily since their introduction into the market in 2009 when 63,000 were sold, compared to the 667,000 units sold in 2014.

In 2019, a total of 650,000 DAB+ radios were sold in Norway (210,000 of these in cars).

 

Last update: 24.03.2020 - older versions

Norway currently operates regular DAB+ services.

Last update: 08.04.2020 - older versions

The swtich-off of national FM services in Norway was carried out in 2017.

Key features of regulation for digital radio in Norway are:

  • Digital radio services are broadcast on Band III
  • All major FM-channels are broadcast on DAB
  • Broadcasting in Norway is regulated according to the Broadcasting Act/Law which gives NRK the right to broadcast nationally. Licences for the commercial broadcasters have been issued up to 2014.There is one national DAB multiplex in use today, seven regional ones (with total coverage corresponding to the national multiplex) plus 6 local multiplexes. One DMB multiplex is in use in the greater Oslo area (trial).The regional multiplexes are operated by NRK, and together they have a total coverage of 99.5%. This coverage is similar to the coverage of the national multiplex.
  • The commercial multiplex uses 12D for the entire country
  • There are also other multiplexes regulated for use in Norway including an additional commercial national mux, using 11A and 12A

Last update: 15.04.2020 - older versions

Information to the public is co-ordinated, and partly performed, by Digitalradio Norway which is owned by public broadcaster NRK, P4 Group and Bauer Media.

Ongoing campaigns to inform the public about the transition to broadcast digital radio have mainly used the radio as their medium. These have frequently been on air on commercial radio stations and on NRK's radio and TV-channels. Digitalradio Norway also operates www.radio.no, which includes news, DAB coverage maps, how-to articles and videos, as well  as information about the growing DAB channel selection in Norway. Digitalradio Norway also uses promoters whose role is to visit car and electronic dealers and advise on DAB and assist on any marketing activities.

To encourage commercial companies to maximise their efforts in promoting digital radio, commercial radio broadcasters offer copromotion opportunities, with on-air DAB-related campaigns which have proven to be very effective in increasing the awareness of DAB with consumers. The main focus is on ensuring availability of DAB in-car adaptors and securing a network of competent installers, and this focus is reflected in marketing and information activities.

 

 

Link to information films, broadcast on NRK and commercial TV-station. http://radio.no/digitalisering/utvider-radiotilbudet/ (in norwegian).

Information film about digital radio

Mythbuster webpage

Myths and mistakes continue to emerge in the discussion of DAB. Visit this page  to see the facts which Digitalradio Norway collected.

 

Last update: 27.06.2018 - older versions

All relevant tunnels in Norway  have DAB-coverage. Contrary to FM, where only a few channels have tunnel coverage, all channels on the outside of a tunnel will be available also on the inside.

In an emergency situation, the Road Authorities will be able to transmit messages on all DAB stations broadcast into the tunnel, from the outside of the tunnel or from the operations central.  This will effectively mean a higher security for all travellers in road tunnels, as messages will reach all radio listeners - not only those listening to a specific channel. In Norway there are approximately 260 road tunnels with broadcasting integrated today. At FM shutoff all of these will have DAB and accordingly all new tunnels longer than 500 meters with annual traffic over 5000 vehicles. 

Norway's switchover proves challenging but necessary
19.09.2018 - Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation (NRK) WorldDAB Member - Norway Norway
8 October marked 300 days since national radio stations in Norway switched off their last FM signals, and NRK director Jo Branaes details the lessons learnt.

(Radio World) Read more


The Norwegian Public Roads Administration is building DAB facilities in many tunnels
05.09.2018 - Norway Norway
The Norwegian Road Administration Region has confirmed that DAB+ facilities will be built in 27 tunnels less than 500 meters, despite safety regulations stating that DAB+ is mandatory only for tunnels more than 500 meters long.

(abc nyheter) Read more


DAB+ to be installed in 27 Norwegian tunnels
29.08.2018 - Norway Norway
The Norwegian Public Roads Administration upgrades 27 short tunnels with DAB coverage. One of these is the Skarett tunnel. "This is a service for road users," says senior engineer Jan Øyvind Pedersen, according to the website of the Norwegian Public Roads Administration.

(Ringblad) Read more


Norwegian tunnels to be upgraded to receive DAB+
29.08.2018 - Norway Norway
The Norwegian Public Roads Administration has set up a list of 27 short tunnels in the south region to be upgraded to receive DAB+. According to safety regulations, there must be DAB in new tunnels over 500 meters long. There are also installed DAB facilities in tunnels that previously had FM equipment.

(NRK) Read more


DAB+ in Norway: Increasing numbers of listeners in the first half of the year
14.08.2018 - Nordic Entertainment Group WorldDAB Member - Digitalradio Norge AS - Norway Norway
The head of Norwegian private radio station P4 Kenneth Andresen alongside Digital Radio Norway have hailed increasing DAB+ listening figures. "If we look at the second quarter, a total of 1,149,000 Norwegians heard the program P4 daily. A year ago, so with VHF, there were only 1,011,000. Last year our listeners listened to our programs for an average of 73 minutes a day. This year, the number will rise to 79 minutes," says P4 Manager Andresen.

(dabplus-radios) Read more


The arguments for DAB+ in Norway
08.08.2018 - Norway Norway
The DAB debate has resurfaced after comments from the Center Party. One of the of the main arguments for replacing the FM network was that it was largely old and needed a lot of maintenance. Either we spent a lot of money saving equipment from an old standard, or we move to the future in the form of DAB, which is not just a newer technology, but a whole new way to broadcast radio.

(Tek.no) Read more


Sahaga announces new partnership to enable Benelux distribution
02.08.2018 - Norway Norway
Norwegian radio manufacturer Sahaga will have its product range available in the Benelux region after announcing a partnership with distributor Elvidis.

(Sahaga) Read more


Sahaga POPintro2
23.07.2018 - Norway Norway
The most practical with POPintro2 are the five direct dial buttons on the front (preset). More than 30 DAB+ channels exist in Norway, so it's very convenient to have the most used channels on these buttons, rather than having to scroll through the entire list to switch channels.

(Radio Butikken) Read more


Sahaga POPurban
16.07.2018 - Norway Norway
Sahaga POPurban is small and easy. Here you will get national radio on DAB (over 30 channels), and it can be used on 220v and on 4x AA batteries.

(Radio Butikken) Read more


Jon Branæs from NRK comments on DAB+ listening in Norway
06.07.2018 - Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation (NRK) WorldDAB Member - Norway Norway
On average, 2.7 million Norwegians listened to at least one of NRK's radio stations during a week in June. Looking at total broadcast listening the decline has been as we expected – and this is because people need time to replace all of their FM devices, especially in cars.

(Aftenposten) Read more


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Key Information

Status: regular
Population: 5.4 million
Population coverage: Sparkline Graph 99.7%
Services: 2 DAB, 213 DAB+
New cars with DAB/DAB+ as standard: Sparkline Graph 98%
Total Sales (cumulative): 6,000,000 devices
Penetration by household: Sparkline Graph 88%
Last update: 31.07.2020

Useful Links

P4 – largest commercial radio group
Digital Radio Norway
Medietllsynet – Norwegian Media Authorities
NRK - public broadcaster in Norway
Norwegian proposal on the digitization of radio
Ministry of Culture – announcement of digitazation in 2017