Spain

Last update: 17.05.2024 - older versions

Radio Nacional de España begins DAB+ broadcasts

Coinciding with the celebration of World Radio Day and the centenary year of radio in Spain, Radio Nacional de España has started digital radio broadcasts in DAB+ together with Cellnex Telecom on 13 February 2024, with the firm intention of deploying this digital radio standard in our country, which is set to replace FM in the long term.

You can listen to the following broadcasts on DAB+:

- Radio Nacional and Radio 5 in Madrid, Barcelona, Valencia, Seville, Murcia and Bilbao.

- Radio 3 in Valencia, Seville, Murcia and Bilbao.

These broadcasts are in addition to the existing DAB broadcasts of Radio Nacional, Radio Clásica, Radio 3, Radio 5 and Radio Exterior in Madrid and Barcelona.

On a monthly basis, RNE's offer on DAB+ and the coverage of the service will be progressively increased, starting broadcasts in other Spanish cities. On 19 March 2024, Radio Nacional, Radio 3 and Radio 5 launched on DAB+ in the metropolitan area of Santiago de Compostela. On 18 April 2024, DAB+ broadcasts launched in Pamplona. On 17 May 2024, DAB+ broadcasts were launched in Santa Cruz de Tenerife

Once deployed throughout Spain, DAB+ will allow Radio Televisión Española to provide the public radio broadcasting service in the terms currently entrusted to it by law, providing maximum geographical and social coverage, with the best quality and additional services specific to DAB+ and with free-to-air broadcasts and free reception.

Regional DAB+

In January 2020, the regional government in Navarra advertised capacity for six DAB services on a future ensemble for the region, designated FU-Nav. Simultaneously, the regional government advertised a total of 72 DAB licences across 12 ensembles, each of which will have local coverage.

In Mallorca, a multiplex licensed by the Autonomous Government of the Balearic Islands began broadcasting in February 2024, broadcasting four stations from the Serra de Alfabia.  

Last update: 18.04.2024 - older versions

RNE DAB+ services are on air in Madrid, Barcelona, Valencia, Seville, Murcia, Bilbao, Santiago de Compostela and Pamplona.

These broadcasts join the existing ones on DAB in Madrid and Barcelona.

RNE will increase monthly its content offer and coverage on DAB+ until the end of 2024.

 

RNE coverage: > 30% population

Rest of national stations: 20% population

Last update: 04.03.2024 - older versions

In this country there are

on air.

Please note:

(a)    These web pages are updated regularly to reflect current services on air, however they may not be exactly up to date.

(b)    The logos shown on these pages are for illustrative purposes only – manufacturers and broadcasters are directed here for information on implementing station logos.

A total of 18 DAB and 4 DAB+ legal audio services are on air, but enhanced features as text, images or programme guides are not available.

Simulcast on AM / FM Exclusive on digital Total of services
DAB programmes 17 2 19
DAB+ programmes 3 0 3
Total20222

Last update: 04.03.2024 - older versions

In Spain, 98% of new cars sold in 2023 have DAB+ as standard (Source: JATO Dynamics 2023).

 

Last update: 04.03.2024 - older versions

Almost a 5% of digital radio receivers sold in retailers includes DAB/DAB+ receiver, although no DAB/DAB+ national promotion has been carried out.

It is estimated that nearly 3 million cars already have a DAB/DAB+ receiver in Spain.

Last update: 21.10.2019 - older versions

Spanish Broadcaster Radio Maria (http://www.radiomaria.es/) started DAB+ test transmissions in Madrid and Barcelona on 2014 December 30th.

This is the first time DAB+ has been used for radio broadcasting in Spain. This DAB/DAB+ network is operated by the Broadcast Network Operator Cellnex Telecom.

Last update: 04.03.2024 - older versions

National station licenses are issued by the central government, while local and regional licenses are the responsibility of the regional government. Licenses are valid for 15 years with an automatic renewal for a further 15 years. Advertising and sponsorship are permitted under the same rules which exist for analogue radio, and data is permitted on up to 20% of multiplex capacity.

Digital Audio Broadcasting is allowed by law in Band III.

There are three layers of services set out by law:

  • National, with 1 SFN multiplex and 2 MFN multiplexes
  • Regional (Comunidad Autónoma basis), with 1/3 SFN multiplex (nowadays without transmissions) and 2/3 MFN multiplex (not implemented)
  • Local, with 237 areas covered by different frequency blocks in Band III

Nowadays, due to the entry into force of the Digitalization Plan for Terrestrial Broadcasting, DAB services are on air only to cover a 20% of the Spanish population (Madrid and Barcelona including their metropolitan areas). It is the minimum population coverage required by the current National Technical Plan for Digital Audio Broadcasting.

RNE is providing DAB+ services covering a percentage of the population above that minimum.

AIMC puts DAB on the audience map for the first time
10.06.2024 - Spain Spain
2.6% of Internet users acknowledge tuning in to Digital Terrestrial Radio. This is a milestone in the history of radio audiences in Spain, although the figure is more testimonial than representative. Digital Audio Broadcasting (DAB), in its DAB/DAB+ standards, is included for the first time in a study carried out by the AIMC. It was in the 2024 Q-Panel, exactly a quarter of a century after the approval in our country of the National Technical Plan for Digital Terrestrial Sound Broadcasting, which developed this new technology. This reality has nothing to do with the one experienced twenty-five years ago: right now there are around 3,200,000 DAB/DAB+ receivers on wheels, circulating on Spanish roads. RNE has switched on its DAB+ broadcasts in Madrid, Barcelona, Seville, Valencia, Bilbao, Murcia, Santiago de Compostela, Pamplona and will soon do so in other Spanish cities, until it reaches 50% of the country's population coverage by 2024.

(Gorka Zumeta) Read more


Radio listening reaches 73% of Internet users
04.06.2024 - Spain Spain
AIMC (Asociación para la Investigación de Medios de Comunicación) has presented the results of the 10th edition of the study dedicated to radio, carried out through the AIMC Q PANEL, its panel of Internet users formed from the contacts of EGM (Estudio General de Medios) interviewees. The objective of the survey is to deepen the knowledge of individuals who listen to radio and have access to the Internet, in the interaction between analog and digital, expanding and complementing the usual information obtained through the EGM. DAB/DAB+ debuts as the channel of choice for Internet users with almost 3% of the audience. The car remains the most reported place to listen to radio in general: 59% of those who listened to radio yesterday did so in the car.

(Gorka Zumeta) Read more


Zumeta: DAB+ at "100 years more of radio" digital fusion forum
21.05.2024 - RTVE WorldDAB Member - Spain Spain
The Círculo de Bellas Artes in Madrid hosted the 5th edition of the forum ‘A world of digital fusion’ on Monday. The event, organised by the Observatorio Humanidades y Tecnología (OHT), was entitled ‘100 years more of radio’. Ángel García Castillejo, Director of Audiovisual Policies, Public Service and International at RTVE, pointed out that RNE, as a public service, must ensure that in the future it continues to offer free, universal broadcasting, which is only offered by broadcast radio, through the DAB+ standard, ‘which is much more energy efficient, between 75 and 90 percent cheaper than FM’, he said. The Internet does not guarantee universal coverage or free coverage, unlike over-the-air broadcasting, a model that Digital Terrestrial Radio continues to follow. If we do not defend our own channel, ‘radio will end up being diluted like a drop in a vast ocean of million-dollar offerings on the internet,’ he warned.

(Gorka Zumeta) Read more


Radio Nacional de España starts DAB+ broadcasts in Santa Cruz de Tenerife
17.05.2024 - RTVE WorldDAB Member - Spain Spain
On 17 May 2024, RNE began broadcasting Radio Nacional, Radio 3 and Radio 5 on DAB+ in Santa Cruz de Tenerife from the legendary Izaña broadcasting centre, which is celebrating its 60th anniversary this year, as are TVE and RNE in the Canary Islands. This start of broadcasts reflects the commitment to increase coverage on a monthly basis until the end of the year, with the aim of reaching around 50% of the population coverage. Once deployed throughout the national territory, DAB+ will allow RTVE to provide the public radio broadcasting service in the terms currently entrusted to it by law, providing maximum geographical and social coverage with better quality, free-to-air broadcasts, complementary information and free reception.

(RTVE) Read more


‘Digital radio needs a new National Technical Plan’, by Javier Sanchez
29.04.2024 - RTVE WorldDAB Member - Spain Spain
‘What will be left of Spanish radio in a decade?’ The author reflects in this Radio Exterior microprogramme on the need for the Administration to promote new legislation to regulate and boost DAB+ digital terrestrial radio as the successor to the analogue technology, from the last century, which continues to be the predominant channel: FM. The National Technical Plan that regulates digital radio in Spain dates back to... 1999. Yes, you read that right. From the last century. And although it was partially modified in 2011 with the aim, and I quote, of ‘optimising broadcast coverage and facilitating access to the digital radio service for a greater number of citizens’, it backfired and population coverage was reduced from 50% to 20%.

(Gorka Zumeta) Read more


Spanish radio calls for speeding up digitalisation at the 3rd Radio Forum
26.04.2024 - RTVE WorldDAB Member - Spain Spain
Los Jameos del Agua (Lanzarote) is hosting FORTA's 3rd Radio Forum (25-26 April), a meeting at which representatives of the main Spanish radio stations shared their challenges and proposed solutions to guarantee their continuity and continue to defend their relevance in a visual social context. The consolidation of the digital audio broadcasting system DAB+ was addressed by Ángel García Castillejo, director of audiovisual policies, public and international service at RTVE, and Javier Sánchez Pérez, head of strategy at RTVE's innovation centre and member of the EBU's radio committee. The presentation discussed the need to accelerate the process of digitalisation of radio in Spain and to follow the European example in the implementation of the DAB+ system, as well as possible common strategies for positioning and strengthening the digital radio broadcasting service in DAB+.

(Panorama Audiovisual) Read more


RTVE takes part in 3rd Radio Forum
25.04.2024 - RTVE WorldDAB Member - Spain Spain
Ángel García Castillejo, Director of Audiovisual Policies, Public Service and International at RTVE, and Javier Sánchez Pérez, Head of Strategy at RTVE's Innovation Centre and member of the EBU Radio Committee, took part in the 3rd Radio Forum, which was held this Thursday at Los Jameos del Agua, in Lanzarote. During the conference 'La implantación del DAB+', the RTVE officials shared their experience at RNE after having broadcast in DAB+ in several Spanish cities. They discussed the need to speed up the process of digitalisation of radio in Spain and follow the European example in the implementation of the DAB+ system, as well as possible common strategies for positioning and strengthening the digital radio broadcasting service in DAB+.

(RTVE) Read more


Experts take part in DAB+ digital radio conference from WorldDAB and RTVE
22.04.2024 - WorldDAB News - RTVE WorldDAB Member - Spain Spain
During the "DAB+ Digital Radio" conference, organised by RTVE and WorldDAB, national and international experts agreed that Spain urgently needs a new Digital Radio Technical Plan that takes into account the reality of Spanish legal radio, that guarantees its stability, its legal security and allows its future evolution, so that the sector can begin the deployment of DAB+ in the shortest possible time, as is the case in the rest of Europe. The event, held in Prado del Rey, was inaugurated by Concepción Cascajosa, acting president of RTVE, who recalled that RTVE is celebrating the 30th anniversary of the birth of Radio 5 and is organising this conference on digital radio. "The public service is thriving, despite what is said. We are able to continue to maintain our mandate of being close to the news and, at the same time, we are leading the processes of technological change and technological transformation".

(RTVE) Read more


Calls for a new Digital Radio Technical Plan in Spain
19.04.2024 - WorldDAB News - RTVE WorldDAB Member - Spain Spain
During the "DAB+ Digital Radio" conference organised by RTVE and WorldDAB, national and international experts agreed that Spain urgently needs a new Digital Radio Technical Plan that takes into account the reality of Spanish legal radio, that guarantees its stability, its legal security and allows its future evolution, so that the sector can start the DAB+ deployment in the shortest possible time, as it happens in the rest of Europe. The event, held in Prado del Rey, was inaugurated by Concepción Cascajosa, acting president of RTVE, who pointed out that Spain is at a key moment to give a boost to this format. "Radio is not only a means of communication, it is a social reality, a service in which we are framed as a public service to guarantee the right to information", she said. Jacqueline Bierhorst, President of WorldDAB, then addressed the current European situation and future plans, radio services and audience data, and the effect of digitalisation on the radio business. In her opinion, "it is very important to work together, commercial radio and public radio" and she stressed the need for a technical plan for the launch of DAB+ in Spain, preferably within a year.

(Panorama Audiovisual) Read more


WorldDAB and RTVE hold digital radio conference in Madrid
18.04.2024 - Spain Spain
The conference takes place in the RTVE Corporation Assembly Hall on April 18, coinciding with the day RTVE begins broadcasts on DAB+ in Pamplona. The day's programme includes sessions not only aimed at analyzing the effects that the arrival of DAB+ has had for public radio, but also for private radio. interim President of RTVE, Concepción Cascajosa will inaugurate the day's proceedings. Delegates will hear from broadcasters in The Netherlands, France, Germany Norway and Italy who join the conference to share why DAB+ has been essential for radio's success in their country.

(Gorka Zumeta) Read more


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Key Information

Status: regular
Population: 46.4 million
Population coverage: Sparkline Graph 30%
Services: 19 DAB, 3 DAB+
New cars with DAB/DAB+ as standard: Sparkline Graph 98%
Last update: 21.03.2024

Useful Links

Ministry of Industry, Energy and Tourism
rtve
Cellnex Telcom