France

Last update: 01-08-2017 - older versions

Following Paris, Nice and Marseille, Strasbourg, Lyon and Lille will start to broadcast DAB+ in 2017, including services from Radio France (FIP and Mouv’) and RFI (Radio France International). Coverage proposals for Rouen, Toulouse and Nantes have been presented by the regulator to the radio editors.

In July 2017 the Conseil supérieur de l’audiovisuel opened the public consultation on accelerating the local deployment of DAB+ and the modalities of an appeal for metropolitan applications. Contributions are able to be received until October 4, 2017. Download the consultation document.
Within the Ministry of Culture and Communication, the Department of the media and the cultural industries (DGMIC) is available to answer any questions that would raise this consultation (questions can be sent to the address rnt@csa.fr).

Reportage on the ongoing  expansion of DAB+ in France [in French].

Current Situation

Digital radio launched in Paris, Nice and Marseille in 2014. Across the three cities over 100 services are on air - all but one are on DAB+.

In January 2015 the CSA published a report outlining its support for digital radio. 

In December 2015 the CSA adopted the conclusions from a June 2015 public consultation and defined the timetable it intends to implement to continue the deployment of Digital Broadcast Radio throughout mainland France. This schedule provides for the call-up of more than 40 regional allotments in metropolitan France beyond those of Paris, Marseille and Nice, which have already been the subject of an appeal, and more than a hundred local allotments. The timetable spreads from 2016 to 2023.

Following a June 2016 call for application, 96 radios have been selected for Lille, Lyon and Strasbourg regions. Nantes, Rouen calls for application will happen in H1’2017 with learning from Lille, Lyon and Strasbourg. Toulouse, Bordeaux, Besançon, Orléans and Clermont-Ferrand will follow. All regional allotments are doubled up by local allotments in the same areas.

In order not to jeopardise the possible arrival of players who want a nationwide deployment, the CSA is reserving two national allotments. If required, more local calls for applications will be considered in the future. The CSA announced in January 2017 that they may consider a faster timetable, with a focus on regional multiplexes and high density population areas. Expect also a public consultation on main road coverage.

Trial services have been on air in Lyon and Nantes for several years. 13 stations are on air in Nantes. The trial service in Lyon are stopped as a regular service will be deployed.  An additional trial is taking place in Rambouillet with the stated objective to test digital radio in mobility, including a TPEG service and a dedicated automotive application called Carison. Two trials are also on air in Paris: a TPEG trial as well as a new trial in the eastern part of Paris, intended to supplement poor FM reception following request from listeners (the so called “sans radio” group). Radio France's portfolio of radio stations are broadcasting on this trial which is conducted by Towercast since early July 2016.

Useful documents:

Public consultation prior to the call for Applications NTS No. 3 and impact studies (pdf)

http://www.csa.fr/Radio/Consultation-publique-prealable-a-l-appel-a-candidatures-RNT-a-Nantes-et-Rouen-et-etudes-d-impact-afferentes/Consultation-publique-prealable-a-l-appel-a-candidatures-RNT-a-Nantes-et-Rouen

 

Last update: 17-02-2017 - older versions

The network operator (TDF) produced comprehensive coverage plans in 2009 ready for the start of national and regional services. One of the benefits of digital radio to French listeners, as pointed out by the CSA, is that it will allow greater coverage and more stations in many areas. This is important to the CSA who have a remit to provide the best possible service including coverage to the widest possible audience.

Combining the Marseille, Nice and Paris commercial services, nearly 20% of the population have access to a digital radio service. The CSA has the responsibility to take notice when the 20% threshold is achieved; this 20% population coverage would trigger the mandatory inclusion of digital radio in all receivers sold in France after a period which varies depending on the type of receiver.

Last update: 27-02-2017 - older versions

In this country there are

on air.

There are six regular regional commercial multiplexes on air in Paris, four in Nice and four in Marseille. 46 stations are on air in Paris, 29 in Marseille and 30 in Nice (Feb 2017 count). 23 of the 46 DAB+ stations on air in Paris, 19 of the 30 DAB+ stations on air in Nice and 19 of the 29 DAB+ stations in Marseille are available exclusively via DAB+ digital radio (not on FM).

There is one trial local multiplex on air in Nantes, one trial local multiplex in East Paris and one trial local multiplex on air in Rambouillet. 5 of the 10 DAB+ stations on air in Nantes and 1 of the 5 DAB+ stations on air in Rambouillet are available exclusively via DAB+ digital radio (not on FM).

Several stations offer Slideshow services (SLS).

 

Simulcast on AM / FM Exclusive on digital Total of services
DAB+ programmes 49 66 115

Last update: 17-02-2017 - older versions

The automotive after sale manufacturers are also proposing a wider range of DAB+ car radio. Pioneer, Clarion, Alpine or Kenwood, among others, are all offering solutions in France.

In France, DAB radio is available in 33% of new cars – primarily as an option.

 

Last update: 09-05-2017 - older versions

In France, DAB+ digital radio sales growth reached 21.6% in 2016 in a receiver market that is oreall down 8.3%. WorldDAB has established an automotive working group to encourage the automotive industry install digital radio for the European market and beyond. 12% of households in France have at least one DAB+ digital radio (source).

Digital radio receivers capable of receiving DAB and DAB+ audio are available in the market through some of the major retailers (FNAC, DARTY, Boulanger, Auchan,) or online.

The digital radio receiver brands Pure, REVO, Tivoli, Dual, Bose, Philips, Roberts and Sony are available to the French consumer.

Last update: 20-07-2016 - older versions

40,000 households in eastern Paris can now receive DAB as part of a test by Towercast. Radio France is broadcasting their portfolio of radio stations on that trial. 

Last update: 01-08-2017 - older versions

Key features of regulation for digital radio in France are:

DAB+ was added to the French standards in August 2013

  • Band III
  • Commercial services for 3 cities (Paris, Nice and Marseilles) in Band III
  • Further cities tenders will use the learning of Paris, Nice and Marseille broadcast 
  • No analogue switch-off date

The legal framework for digital radio was introduced gradually: the Act of 30 September 1986 as amended by the Act of Law of 9 July 2004 set the main legal elements of RNT (calls for applications, digital recovery of authorized services FM: Article 29-1 of the 1986 Act). It was supplemented by the laws of March 5, 2007 and March 5, 2009. 

Analogue and digital licences are both issued free of charge. There is a quota for French music and new artists and the current analogue rules which govern advertising and sponsorship will also apply to digital radio.

In July 2017 the Conseil supérieur de l’audiovisuel opened the public consultation on accelerating the local deployment of DAB+ and the modalities of an appeal for metropolitan applications. Contributions are able to be received until October 4, 2017. Download the consultation document.
Within the Ministry of Culture and Communication, the Department of the media and the cultural industries(DGMIC) is available to answer any questions that would raise this consultation (questions can be sent to the address rnt@csa.fr).

The selection of the candidates for the first application for Paris, Nice and Marseille were selected by the CSA on 25 September 2012. The French Law on digital radio released in March 2009 has been revised so that when 20% of the French population is covered by a digital radio signal, digital radio demodulator will become mandatory in all devices including radios. Similar to the first draft of the law there is a 12 month grace period after which all products containing radio must be digital with the exception of cars. The car industry has an 18 month grace period after 20% coverage is reached. These changes were made to the law by the French Senate on 17 May 2011.

Currently there is a lack of FM spectrum which means the French radio market has no opportunity to expand. The French market in line with GE-06 has allocated Band III for digital radio. 

Last update: 17-02-2017 - older versions

l’Alliance pour la RNT

An “Alliance for Digital Radio” (“l’Alliance pour la RNT”) was formed in November 2014 to coordinate activities related to the promotion of a rapid launch of digital radio at the national level, and aimed at the regulator (CSA), government departments, industry partners, retailers and editors.  The Alliance also informs the public about the advantages offered by digital radio. 

The Alliance for Digital Radio was founded by the Syndicat Interprofessionnel des Radios et Télévisions Indépendantes (SIRTI), the Syndicat National des Radios Libres (SNRL) and WorldDMB.  The Alliance continually broadens to include other parties wishing to be involved. 

Current members of the Alliance for Digital Radio are:

 

 

Consumer Marketing

Large retailers including FNAC and DARTY are informing consumers about the benefits of digital radio through their websites.

"DSO" or transition to digital
05.09.2017 - France - France
Several European countries are revisiting their long-term plans for broadcasting, including potential digital switching (DSO) scenarios. In Europe and in 2017, Norway is the first country to operate a "DSO". Switzerland is preparing for a "DSO" between 2020 and 2024.
From La Lettre.Pro:

Digital initiatives look to give radio a boost in Western Europe
WorldDAB Members News - 05.09.2017 - Radioplayer - AUDI AG - France - France - Germany - Germany
Digital radio is getting a boost in Western Europe. UK-based Radioplayer recently announced a deal to put smart radios in Audi automobiles, while Radio France will soon let its listeners curate their own playlist of the public service broadcaster’s content.
From eMarketer:

DAB on the move in cars
31.08.2017 - France - France
In Europe, all major car manufacturers offer DAB in their OE vehicles. In Norway, 98% of new cars are equipped with ATM / DAB + as standard, 87% in the United Kingdom and 66% in Switzerland
From La Lettre Pro de la Radio:

WorldDAB forms Automotive Working Group
30.08.2017 - France - France
WorldDAB has set up an "automotive" working group, working with manufacturers to encourage them to set up digital original equipment for the European market, or even beyond. A subcommittee is studying the optimization of user experience in the use of DAB+.
From La Lettre Pro:

Strong sales growth of DAB+ receivers across Europe
29.08.2017 - France - France
On August 17, 2017, GfK published the sales figures of DAB+ receivers in metropolitan Europe. Of the 9 countries covered by the study, receiver sales jumped 30% year on year (First half of 2017 compared with the first half of 2016).
From La Lettre Pro de la Radio:

Strong growth in digital radio sales
24.08.2017 - Norway - Norway - Belgium - Belgium - Denmark - Denmark - France - France - Germany - Germany - Italy - Italy - Netherlands - Netherlands - Sweden - Sweden - Switzerland - Switzerland
In the first half of the year, sales of digital radios were growing at a tremendous rate throughout Europe. Consistently double-digit growth rates in an analysis in nine different countries indicate a regular boom. On average, it was a 30 percent growth from January to July.
From Digitalfernsehen:

Strong growth for digital radio sales in Europe
24.08.2017 - Belgium - Belgium - Denmark - Denmark - France - France - Germany - Germany - Italy - Italy - Norway - Norway - Netherlands - Netherlands - Sweden - Sweden - Switzerland - Switzerland
The first half of 2017 has seen rapid growth in sales of DAB+ receivers across Europe – driven by Norway’s switchover from FM to DAB+ and the development of digital radio markets across the continent. The latest GfK research, covering nine European markets, shows a 30 percent increase in sales volumes for the first six months of 2017 compared to the same period last year.
From Content+Technology:

Growth in sales of DAB+ receivers continues
18.08.2017 - Norway - Norway - Belgium - Belgium - Denmark - Denmark - France - France - Germany - Germany - Italy - Italy - Netherlands - Netherlands - Sweden - Sweden - Switzerland - Switzerland
“These figures demonstrate the strength of the market in Europe. Not only do we have the impact of digital switchovers in Norway this year and Switzerland (2020-24), but we are also seeing the rapid development of DAB+ in a growing number of territories," said Patrick Hannon, President, WorldDAB.
From Radioempfang:

Strong growth for digital radio sales in Europe
17.08.2017 - Norway - Norway - Belgium - Belgium - Denmark - Denmark - France - France - Germany - Germany - Italy - Italy - Netherlands - Netherlands - Sweden - Sweden - Switzerland - Switzerland
GfK research, covering nine European markets, shows a 30 per cent increase in sales volumes for the first six months of 2017 compared to the same period last year.
From Advanced Television:

Strong growth for digital radio sales in Europe
17.08.2017 - Norway - Norway - Switzerland - Switzerland - Netherlands - Netherlands - Belgium - Belgium - Denmark - Denmark - Italy - Italy - France - France - Sweden - Sweden - Germany - Germany
The first half of 2017 has seen rapid growth in sales of DAB+ receivers across Europe – driven by Norway’s switchover from FM to DAB+ and the development of digital radio markets across the continent.
From WorldDAB:

Select Country:

Key Information

Status: regular
Population: 63.0 million
Population coverage: Sparkline Graph 19%
Services: 115 DAB+
New cars with DAB/DAB+ as standard: Sparkline Graph 16%
Total Sales (cumulative): 948,000 devices
Penetration by household: Sparkline Graph 12%
Last update: 25.04.2017

Useful Links

ION 2009-258 of 5 March 2009 on audiovisual communication and the new public television service
Regulator (The Conseil supérieur de l’audiovisuel (CSA))
Deliberation No. 2013-31 of 16 October 2013 amending Resolution No. 2013-1 of 15 January 2013 relating to the fixing of rules for sharing the radio resource of digital terrestrial radio band III