Poland

Last update: 28.10.2021 - older versions

Regular multiplexes were launched by Polskie Radio in Warsaw and Katowice in October 2013 and four more cities in 2014. A further 12 cities launched in Spring 2015 – bringing population coverage to 53.8%. In December 2015 Polskie Radio switched on a digital transmitter in Solec Kujawski, thereby increasing the total national DAB+ signal to 55.6% of the Polish population.

Representatives of Polish radio stations discussed the potential transition to broadcasting in DAB+ during a conference held in May 2018 to discuss the country's radio future, with 37 frequencies to be distributed to 34 cities. KRRiT chairman Witold Kołodziejski said that the organisation was considering DAB+ as the sole successor to FM in Poland, as analogue frequencies were now exhausted.

In May 2019, KRRiT, the National Broadcasting Council of Poland announced the start of a competition for regional and local broadcasters to carry out the creation of new DAB+ multiplexes in 34 cities across Poland. 

By January 2020, KRRiT granted fifty DAB+ licenses for the local multiplexes in Warsaw, Toruń, Poznań,  Katowice, Tarnów, Rzeszów and Częstochowa.  The winners of the competitions for local mux technical operators are PSN Infrastruktura (2 local mux’s) and DABCOM (5 local mux’s). The start (planned by the end of 2021) of the regular transmissions is under preparation.   

In October 2021 a new call for tenders for the next DAB+ local licenses as well as for Mux 1, which is dedicated to national non-public broadcasters, was put out. Up until this point, coverage was focused more on cities and with this expansion it will cover more of the main roads.

Total population coverage in Poland stands at 67,1% (October 2021), increasing to approximately 80% after the spring 2022 expansion.

 

Last update: 13.09.2021 - older versions

A detailed list and information on the parameters of DAB+ transmitters in Poland are available on the network provider EmiTel website where data is updated on regular basis. 

English version:  https://emitel.pl/en/strefa-klienta-2/odbior-rtv/sprawdz-parametry-emisji/

There is an internet forum (Polish only) where people can share experiences on reception, receiver availability and features, get information about future plans and discuss digital radio implementation strategies: http://forum.emitel.pl

Regular services

The regular national/regional multiplexes have sites in in Warszawa, Katowice, Wroclaw, Szczecin, Lodz, Opole, Krakow, Bialystok, Gdansk, Bydgoszcz, Kielce, Kolobrzeg, Koszalin, Lublin, Olsztyn, Poznan, Rzeszow, Torun, Zielona Gora and Solec Kujawski reaches 20.8 million people.

Region 

Channel  Number  

Coverage % population (mobile)

Content

Warszawa

6B

7

4 national simulcast, 4 national digital-only, 1 regional simulcast

Katowice

11A

9

4 national simulcast, 4 national digital-only, 1 regional simulcast

Szczecin

11A

10

4 national simulcast, 4 national digital-only, 1 regional simulcast, 1 regional digital only

Wroclaw

12B

 

4 national simulcast, 4 national digital-only, 1 regional simulcast, 1 regional digital only

Kielce

5D

1

4 national simulcast, 4 national digital-only, 1 regional simulcast

Lodz

5C

 

4 national simulcast, 4 national digital-only, 1 regional simulcast

Opole

11C

 

4 national simulcast, 4 national digital-only, 1 regional simulcast

Bialystok

5B

 

4 national simulcast, 4 national digital-only, 1 regional simulcast

Gdansk

10D

 

4 national simulcast, 4 national digital only, 1 regional simulcast

Bydgoszcz

11C

 

4 national simulcast, 4 national digital-only, 1 regional simulcast

Koszalin

12D

 

4 national simulcast, 4 national digital-only, 1 regional simulcast

Lublin

10B

 

4 national simulcast, 4 national digital-only, 1 regional simulcast

Olsztyn

10C

 

4 national simulcast, 4 national digital-only, 1 regional simulcast

Poznan

12A

 

4 national simulcast, 4 national digital-only, 1 regional simulcast

Rzeszow

11A

 

4 national simulcast, 4 national digital-only, 1 regional simulcast

Zielona Gora

12C

 

4 national simulcast, 4 national digital-only, 1 regional simulcast

Krakow

12D

 

4 national simulcast, 4 national digital-only, 1 regional simulcast, 1 regional digital only

 

Trial services

The trial local multiplex in Kielce covers the city and suburban areas and reaches 250,000 people. The trial local multiplex in Szczecin covers the city and suburban areas and reaches 600,000 people.

Region  Channel Number  Coverage % population (mobile) Content
Kielce 5D 1 4 national simulcast, 4 regional simulcast
Toruń 10A 3 4 national simulcast, 4 regional simulcast
Szczecin 12B 10

4 national simulcast, 4 regional simulcast

 

 

 

 

The DAB+  implementation schedule

1st Oct 2013  regular DAB+ services in Warsaw and Katowice

1st Aug 2014, regular DAB+ services in Gdansk, Kielce, Krakow, Wroclaw and Szczecin

1st Oct 2014, regular DAB+ services in Poznan, Lodz and Opole

1st Jan 2015, regular DAB+ services in Bydgoszcz, Koszalin, Olsztyn and Zielona Gora

1st Apr 2015, regular DAB+ services in Bialystok, Lublin and Rzeszow

The whole country by the end of 2020

The plan can be seen in the image below:

Last update: 03.03.2021 - older versions

In this country there are

on air.

Please note:

(a)    These web pages are updated regularly to reflect current services on air, however they may not be exactly up to date.

(b)    The logos shown on these pages are for illustrative purposes only – manufacturers and broadcasters are directed here for information on implementing station logos.

After the switch off of analogue TV in 2013, Polskie Radio started  two regular DAB+ transmissions with four national simulcast services  (Jedynka, Dwojka, Trojka, Czworka, Polish Radio External Service), three exclusive DAB+ services (Polskie Radio 24, Radio Poland and Radio Rytm) and two  regional simulcast services (supplied by public regional radio stations, depending on region).

Ultimately 5 unique national and 1 unique regional DAB+ services will be broadcast. The multiplex will contain solely public radio services.

Jedynka
News & current affairs, sports, culture and mainstream music
Launch of DAB+ transmissions
October 1, 2013

Dwójka
A program for connoisseurs of highbrow music and literature.
Launch of DAB+ transmissions
October 1, 2013

Trójka
Cult music and current affairs station.
Launch of DAB+ transmissions
October 1, 2013

Czwórka
About the young, for the young.
The latest trends in music and culture.
Launch of DAB+ transmissions
October 1, 2013

Radio Poland
Radio Poland's international network for expatriate communities in Poland.
Launch of DAB+ transmissions
October 1, 2013

Polskie Radio 24
Polish Radio’s news & current affairs network.
Launch of DAB+ transmissions
October 1, 2013

Radio Rytm
Easy-listening music and news.
Launch of DAB+ transmissions
October 1, 2013

Radio Katowice
Regional broadcaster with the widest coverage in Poland.
Launch of DAB+ transmissions
October 1, 2013

Polskie Radio RDC (Polish Radio RDC)
Traditions of Polish Radio in the Mazovia region coupled with 21st century dynamics.
Launch of DAB+ transmissions
October 1, 2013

Dzieciom
A station for kids and their parents.
Launch of DAB+ transmissions

fourth quarter of 2014

Polskie Radio dla Seniorow
For the young at heart.
Launch of DAB+ transmissions
2015

Polskie Radio Edukacyjne
Popular science for the young.
Launch of DAB+ transmissions
2015

Slideshow is one of two must have functionalities of DAB in Poland. All services broadcast in DAB use DLS and SLS services. Additionally Journaline and EPG are also broadcast together with Polskie Radio and Radio Lodz. 

Some of the SLS services on air are very simple (station logo or some DAB promotional pictures) and some are more dynamic. Radio Wroclaw uses SLS for news and slides are being refreshed according to new items appearing on their website. 

Simulcast on AM / FM Exclusive on digital Total of services
DAB+ programmes 85 90 175
Data services 1 0 1
Total8690176

Last update: 16.02.2022

In Poland, 92% of new cars sold in 2021 have DAB+ as standard (Source: JATO Dynamics 2022).

Last update: 10.08.2017 - older versions

DAB+ receivers are available through retailers and internet shops. Offers are extended almost every day as digital radio extends coverage and is being noticed by importers, retailers and listeners.

ZIPSEE Digital Poland asks for clear rules for DAB+ receivers

In August 2017, the Polish association of importers and manufacturers of electrical appliances and electronics, ZIPSEE Digital Poland, sent a letter to Minister of Digitisation Anna Strezynska, requesting a regulation stating the minimum technical requirements for digital radio receivers. The companies belonging to the association complain of unfair competition from sellers of digital receivers using the old DAB standard, while Poland has adopted DAB+.

According to research from GFK Poland, 10% of all digital radio receivers sold since the end of September 2016 were of the old, DAB standard. These are not compatible with the DAB+ signal and consumers have been misled by retailers selling the non-compliant receivers, who have exploited shoppers' lack of knowledge.

 

Last update: 08.05.2019 - older versions

Polish broadcast operator BCAST has launched DAB+ test services in Warsaw, Wroclaw and Gdansk using the DABCAST system SFN model. 

 

Last update: 15.08.2023 - older versions

There are two regulators for broadcasting media in Poland. The National Broadcasting Council manages and issues licences, while the Office of Electronic Communications governs the frequency spectrum. The two bodies work closely together. 

Polish frequency plans for T-DAB contain three multiplexes located in the VHF Band III and will be started after the switch off of analogue TV in 2013.

 

Regulation published by the Polish Ministry of Digital Affairs on 9 November 2020 states that DAB+ became mandatory in category M new vehicles on 1 January 2021, according to the Ordinance of the Minister of Digitisation. (The mentioned Ordinance is an executive act of the Telecommunications Law and is effective from the date indicated therein)

Background:

On 4 November 2020, the Polish Ministry of Digital Affairs published an amendment to regulation that had been published on 14 February 2020, clarifying the technical and performance requirements for radio equipment intended for the reception of digital radio in category M vehicles. The November amendment came into force on 1 January 2021. In particular, the ordinance clarifies the details of some functions (DL, Slide Show, Service following) and specifies the date of April 1, 2023 as the point from which these requirements became mandatory. 

Last update: 08.03.2019 - older versions

KRRiT (the National Broadcasting Council of Poland) has launched a website dedicated to digital radio broadcasting (http://www.krrit.gov.pl/radio-cyfrowe).

The website contains reports, information on conferences, seminars and workshops about DAB+ technology as well as links to other pages related to this topic. KRRiT encourages experts  interested in the subject to visit their website and add their articles, presentations or case studies.

 As part of a media campaign in 2015, a promotional video was created by Polskie Radio to highlight the benefits of listening to radio on DAB+.  Entitled, "Digital radio gives you more.", the video communicates the additional benefits of listening to radio on a DAB+ device; better sound, more choice, more content. 

 

 

 

Radio Konin FM joins DAB+ in Warsaw
20.09.2023 - Poland Poland
Radio Konin FM has joined the DABCAST experimental multiplex of BCAST, owned by Cyfrowy Polsat. It is the ninth station broadcast on channel 11B in Warsaw. A total of 27 radio stations are available on DAB+ in the Polish capital. In addition to Radio Konin FM, the DABCAST multiplex includes: POPradio from Pruszków, Muzyczne Radio from Jelenia Góra, Radio 7 from Mława, Radio Parada from Łódź, Radio Jasna Góra from Częstochowa, Radio Bezpieczna Podróż, Radio Niepokalanów and Radio Maryja.

(Wirtualnemedia.pl) Read more


Emitel will carry DAB+ broadcasts in three more Polish cities
18.08.2023 - Poland Poland
A tender is underway for the broadcasting and coverage expansion of the Polish Radio DAB+ multiplex. The public broadcaster has decided that broadcasting in Katowice, Łódź and Opole will be carried out by Emitel. The scope of the contract includes 'signal backhaul services to broadcast stations and the dissemination of a multiplex signal in the DAB+ standard, together with the extension of broadcast coverage'. This work will be carried out from 1 October 2023. In some of the areas covered by the contracts, the extension of coverage may take place this autumn, in others from 1 January 2024.

(Wirtualnemedia.pl) Read more


Three stations begin broadcasting on DAB+ in Lodz
02.08.2023 - Poland Poland
Following earlier statements by Jerzy Handzlik, the station's creator and owner, Radio Nuta, Radio Disco and Radio Mega are continuing to expand and have just made their programming available in a new location. "On the night of July 31-August 1, residents of Lodz were able to hear our radios for the first time via DAB+ radio receivers in their apartments and cars. We are pleased that another city is within our reach and its residents have access to our stations based mainly on music. Music in digital DAB+ quality," says Jerzy Handzlik. Following the expansion of coverage, Radio Nuta, Radio Disco and Radio Mega are broadcasting in 12 locations throughout Poland (Warsaw, Lodz, Katowice, Krakow, Wroclaw, Poznan, Szczecin, Gliwice, Czestochowa, Bielsko-Biala, Andrychow, Nowy Sacz).

(WirtualneMedia.pl) Read more


10 experimental multiplexes on air in Poland for another year
12.07.2023 - Poland Poland
At the end of June and the beginning of July, the multiplexes of DABCOM (Andrychów, Gliwice, Krakow, Przehyba), BCAST (Gdansk, Warsaw, Wroclaw), PSN Infrastruktura (Opole), Radio Bielsko (Bielsko-Biala) and Radio and Television Agency Fama (Kielce) expired. The latter multiplex has not yet started broadcasting, but will be able to do so soon. UKE has decided to extend all the above-mentioned licences by one year. There may be more similar decisions in the coming weeks and months.

(Wirtualnemedia.pl) Read more


More stations in Radio Bielsko's DAB+ multiplex
11.07.2023 - Poland Poland
The experimental DAB+ multiplex, which belongs to Radio Bielsko, has another licence from the Office of Electronic Communications for test broadcasting. This time eleven radio stations can be heard there. - As soon as we have an outage or one of the stations stops playing, people immediately call and write to us," Miroslaw Mrzygłód of Radio Bielsko tells us. The experimental DAB+ multiplex, operated by Radio Bielsko, was first launched at the end of 2017. The station received approval for its trial broadcast from the Office of Electronic Communications.

(Wirtualnemedia.pl) Read more


DAB+ licence fees to be significantly reduced, KRRiT proposes
03.07.2023 - National Broadcasting Council of Poland (KRRiT) WorldDAB Member - Poland Poland
The Government Legislation Centre has published a proposed regulation of the National Radio and Television Council providing, among other things, for changes in relation to the regulation currently in force consisting of a four times lower fee for granting or amending a licence for the distribution of a radio programme in the DAB+ standard. "The proposed reductions in the DAB+ licence fee are intended to provide an incentive for new or existing broadcasters to start broadcasting in this standard," it said.

(Wirtualnemedia.pl) Read more


Polish Radio and regional broadcasters ready to spend PLN 86 m (€18m) on DAB+
19.05.2023 - Poland Poland
Polskie Radio has not yet decided on the tender for broadcasting and coverage expansion in DAB+. "The examination of the submitted bids is underway," Monika Kuś, spokesperson for the broadcaster, informs Wirtualnemedia.pl. Together with the regional radio stations, it is ready to allocate nearly PLN 86 million (€18.9m) for digital broadcasting. Emitel's offer amounts to around PLN 60 million (€13.2m). The tender for DAB+ was launched in March and the envelopes were opened on 26 April. The scope of the contract includes 'signal backhaul services to broadcast stations and the dissemination of the multiplex signal in the DAB+ standard, together with the extension of broadcast coverage'. These tasks will be carried out from 1 October 2023.

(Wirtualnemedia.pl) Read more


Another Catholic station in Polsat's experimental multiplex
10.04.2023 - Poland Poland
Radio Niepokalanów has replaced Muzo.fm in the experimental multiplex DABCAST, owned by the Cyfrowy Polsat company BCAST. The Franciscans' station thus joined the Redemptorist (Radio Maryja) and Pauline (Radio Jasna Góra) radio stations, among others, which were already part of this mux. Radio Niepokalanów is broadcast at a bitrate of 136 kbps. The DABCAST test multiplex is available in Gdańsk, Katowice, Warsaw and Wrocław.

(wirtualnemedia.pl) Read more


UKE will not select an operator for a nationwide DAB+ multiplex quickly
04.04.2023 - Poland Poland
The National Broadcasting Council suspended the competition for spots on the nationwide DAB+ multiplex in September 2022. The proceedings are to be resumed after a decision by the Office of Electronic Communications [Urzędu Komunikacji Elektronicznej / UKE] on the mux operator. What is the stage of the proceedings on the operator of the nationwide DAB+ multiplex? "The proceedings should take place this year. We will update you about the details," Witold Tomaszewski, acting spokesman for UKE, tells Wirtualnemedia.pl.

(Wirtualnemedia.pl) Read more


Polskie Radio launches tender for DAB+ broadcasting and coverage expansion
21.03.2023 - Poland Poland
Polskie Radio has launched a tender for the continued broadcasting of public radio stations in DAB+. The deadline for submitting bids is 21 April. According to the documentation of the procedure, the expansion of the multiplex coverage will take place by 1 October 2024 at the latest. The scope of the contract includes 'signal delivery services to broadcast stations and the dissemination of the multiplex signal in the DAB+ standard, together with the extension of broadcast coverage'.

(Wirtualnemedia.pl) Read more


Select Country:

Key Information

Status: regular
Population: 37.7 million
Population coverage: Sparkline Graph 68.7%
Services: 175 DAB+, 1 Data
New cars with DAB/DAB+ as standard: Sparkline Graph 92%
Last update: 16.09.2023

Useful Links

dab.polskieradio.pl
The National Broadcasting Council (Krajowa Rada Radiofonii i Telewizji (KRRiT))
Radio cyfrowe
Office of Electronic Communications
Poland - EECC regulation