Sweden

Last update: 24-10-2018 - older versions

Commercial DAB+ digital radio stations will be broadcast from January 2019

In October 2018 the commercial radio broadcaster Nordic Entertainment Group (NENT Group), together with partners DB Media AB and Skärgårdsradion AB announced to the Swedish Press and Broadcasting Authority (MPRT) that they will begin to broadcast a total of 15 radio stations using DAB+ from January 1, 2019. More information here.

According to the permit conditions, coverage will reach 35% of the population by April 1, 2019. Thereafter, coverage will increase incrementally and from April 1, 2020, reach 50% of the population and 70% in 2021.

DAB transmissions in Sweden started in 1995 and today coverage is 35% of the population with services from public service broadcaster Swedish Radio (SR) and commercial radio. The licence under which SR operates is valid until 31 December 2019 and commercial broadcasters operates under licenses that are valid until 30th September 2022.

  • On December 1st, 2014 the Digital Radio Industry Co-ordinator appointed by the Government put forward a switchover plan from FM to DAB+. The full report (in Swedish) can be downloaded (Swedish) at http://www.regeringen.se/rattsdokument/statens-offentliga-utredningar/2014/12/sou-201477/  
  • In June 2015, the Government decided not to proceed with the transition from FM to DAB+. This followed the publication of a report into digital radio by the National Audit Office in April 2015. 
  • On 3rd February, 2016 the Swedish Parliament discussed digital radio – with the Parliamentary Constitutional Standing Committee (KU) issuing a formal response to the Government's letter about the National Audit Office's April 2015 report into digital radio.
  • In September 2017 the political party (C) writes in response to a motion: "Let's do as Norway and introduce DAB radio now". (C) writes that the former government decided to introduce DAB, but notes that the current government has decided not to switch to digital radio. (C) finds that "a possible change of technology requires a more thorough analysis to make an informed decision. DAB provides a wider choice of radio channels across the whole country at a lower distribution cost, but the transition also means costs for the individual”, they conclude.

As a result, the decisions about the digitalization of radio in Sweden remains to be taken. The Government have said that the question could be re-opened, depending on the development of digital radio in the rest of Europe – especially experiences from the switchover in neighbouring Norway.

 

Last update: 18-10-2018 - older versions

The Swedish DAB network (mux 1) is operated by Teracom AB and covers major cities Stockholm, Gothenburg, Malmo and Alvsbyn on a single frequency 12B. Coverage is currently at about 41.8% of the population or about 3 million people. 

Mux 1 holds 8-10 regular and licensed services, all from Swedish Radio. All services in mux 1 are currently broadcast in DAB. All audio services hold DLS.

The Swedish DAB+ network (mux 2) is operated by Teracom AB under a specific test license and covers major cities Stockholm, Uppsala and Gavle using a multi-frequency network on frequencies 12C and 12D. Coverage reaches 22% of the population or about 2 million people. Mux 2 currently holds about 14-16 pilot services from several major broadcasters (SR, MTG radio and SBS radio), as well as some local community radios. All services in mux 2 are broadcasted in DAB+. All audio services hold DLS and SLS.

Please visit the Teracom website  for coverage maps.

Last update: 11-01-2017 - older versions

In this country there are

on air.

Mux1: 8-10 DAB audio channels from public service broadcaster Swedish Radio. In total there are 10 DAB services on air, one of which is simulcast on AM/FM. Most of them are web channels only broadcast on DAB and not on FM. All audio channels in mux 1 carry DLS. In addition, a trial version of EPG is being broadcast. There are plans to include an updated version of EPG and a trial version of TPEG.

Mux 2: 10-16 DAB+ audio channels from commercial radio trialling digital broadcasting. There are 16 DAB+ stations on air, 14 of which are simulcast on AM/FM. One or two stations are only broadcast on DAB+ and not on FM, the rest of the stations are available on FM but restricted to local areas. In addition to the audio, all services carry DLS and SLS. There are plans to include EPG and a trial version of TPEG.

Future Services on Air

The Swedish Broadcast Authority have announced licenses for commercial digital radio. A total of 25 stations have been awarded a license. 21 of which are national licenses and four are regional stations. 12 of the national stations are unique to digital radio and not broadcast on FM. The licensing allows for a significant increase in range of stations throughout Sweden.

Licenses will be valid from 2nd October 2014 until 30th September 2022 and broadcasting is to begin no later than 1st October 2015.  

More information is available here. Private radio has asked for permission to delay the launch.

Feature of services on air in Sweden

“P4 Bjällerklang” is a pop-up station playing “the most beloved and popular Christmas songs” in both familiar and unexpected versions, around the clock on digital radio (DAB) and on the web. The channel exists in December and
January and is now broadcasting for the fifth year in a row. This is a good example of a pop-up station that uses the flexibility of the DAB/DAB+ standard to meet occasional listener demands.

“Knattekanalen” is a children’s station playing “new music mixed with familiar
songs and children’s pop from all times”. The channel broadcast in DAB and on the web each day
from six o’clock in the morning till eight at night. Children and their parents know that when they want to listen to children’s programs, there is always something on.



 

 

Simulcast on AM / FM Exclusive on digital Total of services
DAB programmes 1 9 10
DAB+ programmes 14 2 16
Data services 0 1 1
Total151227

Last update: 30-09-2014 - older versions

There is no official data on the sales of DAB/DAB+ car tuners in Sweden. However, all major brands such as Volvo, Volkswagen, Toyota, Audi, BMW, Mini, Mitsubishi, Skoda, Land Rover, Mercedes and Honda offer DAB/DAB+ car tuners as an option.

Volvo Cars, with a 20% total market share in Sweden, have stated that in about 7% of the cases where a new Volvo is sold, the customer has requested the optional DAB/DAB+ tuner.

Last update: 14-07-2015 - older versions

Sales in 2013 were 15,000 receivers which means the accumulated sales 2006-2013 is 37,000 receivers.

27,000 of these units are dated from 2012 and onwards, i.e. capable of DAB+ decoding. In comparison the 15,000 units sold per year is almost 4% of the total sales in Home and Portable Audio segment.

Given the estimated 27,000 DAB+ units, the household penetration in Sweden today is appoximately 1%.  

 

Last update: 30-09-2014 - older versions

In 2009, pilot transmissions of DAB+ started and the coverage quickly reached 22% of the population with 16 trial services from public service radio, commercial radio and community local radio.

Last update: 24-10-2018 - older versions

Regulation and Spectrum
Key features of regulation for digital radio regulation in Sweden are;

  • Band III 
  • One MUX in big cities only
  • Switch-off date is to be set for analogue radio migration to DAB+
  • Cost of parallel transmission on analogue and digital to be supported by the Government
  • Industry co-ordinator has been appointed by the government to assure a transition by 2022

Regulation for Commercial Radio

In October 2012, all major commercial broadcasters applied for a total of 22 licences in both national and regional VHF Band III networks. The licenses for digital commercial radio are valid from September 2, 2014 to September 20, 2022. There are currently 25 licenses. All license holders have hitherto requested suspension with the broadcast start and referred to the uncertainty about whether there is a transition from analogue to digital radio and when such a possible transition can occur. Bauer Media AB, NRJ Sweden AB and Norrköping Radio & Co AB have requested further suspension with the launch. MPRT has granted them suspension until January 1, 2020 and adjusted the condition of phase expansion. MRTV have stated that there will be no requirements on bit rate per service. However, the maximum number of services per commercial multiplex will be 16. The commercial license holders are obliged to co-operate in technical matters including choice of network operator. Coverage requirements may be imposed to ensure that the digital broadcasts reach a certain proportion of the population within the broadcasting area.

Regulation for Public Service Radio

The public service broadcaster, Swedish Radio (SR), gets their license directly from the Government. The license period is six years with the current license valid until 31 December 2019 and allows Swedish Radio to broadcast digital radio using DAB/DAB+ in VHF Band III, but only to four regions in Sweden (Stockholm, Gothenburg, Malmo and Norrbotten) and with a maximum number of nine services (Stockholm and Norrbotten) or 10 (Gothenburg and Malmo). 

Spectrum for DAB/DAV+ digital radio

At the spectrum conference GE-2006 Sweden was awarded a total spectrum equivalent to of 4 nationwide DAB/DAB+ multiplexers in Band III. Three of the four multiplexes are MFNs (making regional insertion possible up to the maximum of 34 available frequency layers). In 2010 the Swedish Government awarded two of the four multiplexers (spectrum-wise) to public service radio and remaining two multiplexers to commercial radio.

Applications for licenses

Anyone who wants to broadcast digital commercial radio must apply for a licence with MPRT when such is advertised. A licence to broadcast digital commercial radio entails the right to broadcast a programming service (channel) within the broadcasting area specified in the licence. In an application process, applicants submit their application to the Authority, which then assesses it based on the criteria stated in the Swedish Radio and Television Act. More info here.

Last update: 30-09-2014

Sweden has an Emergency Warning System using FM/RDS (PTy31) to send an alert flag making it possible for receivers and transmitters to change audio to the emergency channel, Swedish Radios channel P4. It is not unlikely that this feature will be imposed on a digital system. 

DAB+ progress in Sweden
17.10.2018 - Sweden - Sweden
As of April 1, 2019, 35 percent of the Swedish population will be able to receive the new mux. In 2020, the technical reach is to increase to 50 percent and 2021 to 70 percent.
From Radiowoche:

Sweden: Commercial radio stations officially start with DAB+
16.10.2018 - Sweden - Sweden
Despite the Swedish government wanting to stick to FM, the first commercial radio stations will start on 1 January 2019 with their regular broadcasts via DAB+.
From Radio NL:

NENT to Launch DAB+ Network in Sweden
15.10.2018 - Sweden - Sweden
NENT Nordic Entertainment Group will start broadcasting via DAB+ digital radio in Sweden on January 1, 2019. In total, 15 digital stations will broadcast on DAB+ from January. According to Swedish Press, Radio and Television Authority’s license conditions, which run from 2014 to Sept. 20, 2022, the new digital network must reach 35 percent of the population by April 2019, 50 percent by 2020 and 70 percent the following year.
From Radio World:

Nordic Entertainment media group plans to revive DAB+ in Sweden
WorldDAB Members News - 15.10.2018 - Czech Radio - Sweden - Sweden
The decision of the local media regulator, which granted the corresponding license to the Nordic Entertainment group (NENT), plans to launch a new 15-channel network in Sweden as early as January 1 2019, with a few other commercial players.
From Český rozhlas:

Swedish broadcaster NENT to begin DAB+ broadcasts in 2019
11.10.2018 - Sweden - Sweden
Swedish broadcaster NENT has announced to the country's Press, Radio and TV Authority that it will begin DAB+ broadcasts from 1 January. A total of 15 radio stations will begin sending January 1 next year. According to the terms of delivery, valid until 20 September 2022, 35 percent of the population will be reached by 1 April 2019 and one year later 50 percent will be reached.
From Radionytt:

DAB+ broadcasts to begin in Sweden in 2019
11.10.2018 - Sweden - Sweden
Fifteen radio stations will be available on DAB+ in Sweden from 1 January, with broadcasters DB Media AB, Kilohertz AB and Skärgårdsradion AB agreeing to begin broadcasts. According to the permit conditions, shipments will reach 35 percent of the most populous population already on April 1, 2019. Thereafter, coverage will increase incrementally and April 1, 2020, reach 50 percent of the population and 70 percent next year.
From MPRT:

Strong growth in digital radio sales
24.08.2017 - Norway - Norway - Belgium - Belgium - Denmark - Denmark - France - France - Germany - Germany - Italy - Italy - Netherlands - Netherlands - Sweden - Sweden - Switzerland - Switzerland
In the first half of the year, sales of digital radios were growing at a tremendous rate throughout Europe. Consistently double-digit growth rates in an analysis in nine different countries indicate a regular boom. On average, it was a 30 percent growth from January to July.
From Digitalfernsehen:

Strong growth for digital radio sales in Europe
24.08.2017 - Belgium - Belgium - Denmark - Denmark - France - France - Germany - Germany - Italy - Italy - Norway - Norway - Netherlands - Netherlands - Sweden - Sweden - Switzerland - Switzerland
The first half of 2017 has seen rapid growth in sales of DAB+ receivers across Europe – driven by Norway’s switchover from FM to DAB+ and the development of digital radio markets across the continent. The latest GfK research, covering nine European markets, shows a 30 percent increase in sales volumes for the first six months of 2017 compared to the same period last year.
From Content+Technology:

Growth in sales of DAB+ receivers continues
18.08.2017 - Norway - Norway - Belgium - Belgium - Denmark - Denmark - France - France - Germany - Germany - Italy - Italy - Netherlands - Netherlands - Sweden - Sweden - Switzerland - Switzerland
“These figures demonstrate the strength of the market in Europe. Not only do we have the impact of digital switchovers in Norway this year and Switzerland (2020-24), but we are also seeing the rapid development of DAB+ in a growing number of territories," said Patrick Hannon, President, WorldDAB.
From Radioempfang:

Strong growth for digital radio sales in Europe
17.08.2017 - Norway - Norway - Belgium - Belgium - Denmark - Denmark - France - France - Germany - Germany - Italy - Italy - Netherlands - Netherlands - Sweden - Sweden - Switzerland - Switzerland
GfK research, covering nine European markets, shows a 30 per cent increase in sales volumes for the first six months of 2017 compared to the same period last year.
From Advanced Television:

Select Country:

Key Information

Status: regular
Population: 9.1 million
Population coverage: Sparkline Graph 41.8%
Services: 10 DAB, 16 DAB+, 1 Data
Last update: 18.10.2018

Useful Links

Digital commercial radio licensing - the Swedish Broadcasting Authority
Sveriges Radio
Teracom
Applications for DAB+ licenses - Swedish Press and Broadcasting Authority (MPRT)