France

Last update: 14-06-2017 - older versions

Following Paris, Nice and Marseille, Strasbourg, Lyon and Lille will start to broadcast DAB+ in 2017, including services from Radio France (FIP and Mouv’) and RFI (Radio France International). Coverage proposals for Rouen, Toulouse and Nantes have been presented by the regulator to the radio editors.

Reportage on the ongoing  expansion of DAB+ in France [in French].

Current Situation

Digital radio launched in Paris, Nice and Marseille in 2014. Across the three cities over 100 services are on air - all but one are on DAB+.

In January 2015 the CSA published a report outlining its support for digital radio. 

In December 2015 the CSA adopted the conclusions from a June 2015 public consultation and defined the timetable it intends to implement to continue the deployment of Digital Broadcast Radio throughout mainland France. This schedule provides for the call-up of more than 40 regional allotments in metropolitan France beyond those of Paris, Marseille and Nice, which have already been the subject of an appeal, and more than a hundred local allotments. The timetable spreads from 2016 to 2023.

Following a June 2016 call for application, 96 radios have been selected for Lille, Lyon and Strasbourg regions. Nantes, Rouen calls for application will happen in H1’2017 with learning from Lille, Lyon and Strasbourg. Toulouse, Bordeaux, Besançon, Orléans and Clermont-Ferrand will follow. All regional allotments are doubled up by local allotments in the same areas.

In order not to jeopardise the possible arrival of players who want a nationwide deployment, the CSA is reserving two national allotments. If required, more local calls for applications will be considered in the future. The CSA announced in January 2017 that they may consider a faster timetable, with a focus on regional multiplexes and high density population areas. Expect also a public consultation on main road coverage.

Trial services have been on air in Lyon and Nantes for several years. 13 stations are on air in Nantes. The trial service in Lyon are stopped as a regular service will be deployed.  An additional trial is taking place in Rambouillet with the stated objective to test digital radio in mobility, including a TPEG service and a dedicated automotive application called Carison. Two trials are also on air in Paris: a TPEG trial as well as a new trial in the eastern part of Paris, intended to supplement poor FM reception following request from listeners (the so called “sans radio” group). Radio France's portfolio of radio stations are broadcasting on this trial which is conducted by Towercast since early July 2016.

Useful documents:

Public consultation prior to the call for Applications NTS No. 3 and impact studies (pdf)

http://www.csa.fr/Radio/Consultation-publique-prealable-a-l-appel-a-candidatures-RNT-a-Nantes-et-Rouen-et-etudes-d-impact-afferentes/Consultation-publique-prealable-a-l-appel-a-candidatures-RNT-a-Nantes-et-Rouen

 

Last update: 17-02-2017 - older versions

The network operator (TDF) produced comprehensive coverage plans in 2009 ready for the start of national and regional services. One of the benefits of digital radio to French listeners, as pointed out by the CSA, is that it will allow greater coverage and more stations in many areas. This is important to the CSA who have a remit to provide the best possible service including coverage to the widest possible audience.

Combining the Marseille, Nice and Paris commercial services, nearly 20% of the population have access to a digital radio service. The CSA has the responsibility to take notice when the 20% threshold is achieved; this 20% population coverage would trigger the mandatory inclusion of digital radio in all receivers sold in France after a period which varies depending on the type of receiver.

Last update: 27-02-2017 - older versions

In this country there are

on air.

There are six regular regional commercial multiplexes on air in Paris, four in Nice and four in Marseille. 46 stations are on air in Paris, 29 in Marseille and 30 in Nice (Feb 2017 count). 23 of the 46 DAB+ stations on air in Paris, 19 of the 30 DAB+ stations on air in Nice and 19 of the 29 DAB+ stations in Marseille are available exclusively via DAB+ digital radio (not on FM).

There is one trial local multiplex on air in Nantes, one trial local multiplex in East Paris and one trial local multiplex on air in Rambouillet. 5 of the 10 DAB+ stations on air in Nantes and 1 of the 5 DAB+ stations on air in Rambouillet are available exclusively via DAB+ digital radio (not on FM).

Several stations offer Slideshow services (SLS).

 

Simulcast on AM / FM Exclusive on digital Total of services
DAB+ programmes 49 66 115

Last update: 17-02-2017 - older versions

The automotive after sale manufacturers are also proposing a wider range of DAB+ car radio. Pioneer, Clarion, Alpine or Kenwood, among others, are all offering solutions in France.

In France, DAB radio is available in 33% of new cars – primarily as an option.

 

Last update: 09-05-2017 - older versions

In France, DAB+ digital radio sales growth reached 21.6% in 2016 in a receiver market that is oreall down 8.3%. WorldDAB has established an automotive working group to encourage the automotive industry install digital radio for the European market and beyond. 12% of households in France have at least one DAB+ digital radio (source).

Digital radio receivers capable of receiving DAB and DAB+ audio are available in the market through some of the major retailers (FNAC, DARTY, Boulanger, Auchan,) or online.

The digital radio receiver brands Pure, REVO, Tivoli, Dual, Bose, Philips, Roberts and Sony are available to the French consumer.

Last update: 20-07-2016 - older versions

40,000 households in eastern Paris can now receive DAB as part of a test by Towercast. Radio France is broadcasting their portfolio of radio stations on that trial. 

Last update: 17-02-2017 - older versions

Key features of regulation for digital radio in France are:

DAB+ was added to the French standards in August 2013

  • Band III
  • Commercial services for 3 cities (Paris, Nice and Marseilles) in Band III
  • Further cities tenders will use the learning of Paris, Nice and Marseille broadcast 
  • No analogue switch-off date

The legal framework for digital radio was introduced gradually: the Act of 30 September 1986 as amended by the Act of Law of 9 July 2004 set the main legal elements of RNT (calls for applications, digital recovery of authorized services FM: Article 29-1 of the 1986 Act). It was supplemented by the laws of March 5, 2007 and March 5, 2009. 

Analogue and digital licences are both issued free of charge. There is a quota for French music and new artists and the current analogue rules which govern advertising and sponsorship will also apply to digital radio. The selection of the candidates for the first application for Paris, Nice and Marseille were selected by the CSA on 25 September 2012. The French Law on digital radio released in March 2009 has been revised so that when 20% of the French population is covered by a digital radio signal, digital radio demodulator will become mandatory in all devices including radios. Similar to the first draft of the law there is a 12 month grace period after which all products containing radio must be digital with the exception of cars. The car industry has an 18 month grace period after 20% coverage is reached. These changes were made to the law by the French Senate on 17 May 2011.

Currently there is a lack of FM spectrum which means the French radio market has no opportunity to expand. The French market in line with GE-06 has allocated Band III for digital radio. 

Last update: 17-02-2017 - older versions

l’Alliance pour la RNT

An “Alliance for Digital Radio” (“l’Alliance pour la RNT”) was formed in November 2014 to coordinate activities related to the promotion of a rapid launch of digital radio at the national level, and aimed at the regulator (CSA), government departments, industry partners, retailers and editors.  The Alliance also informs the public about the advantages offered by digital radio. 

The Alliance for Digital Radio was founded by the Syndicat Interprofessionnel des Radios et Télévisions Indépendantes (SIRTI), the Syndicat National des Radios Libres (SNRL) and WorldDMB.  The Alliance continually broadens to include other parties wishing to be involved. 

Current members of the Alliance for Digital Radio are:

 

 

Consumer Marketing

Large retailers including FNAC and DARTY are informing consumers about the benefits of digital radio through their websites.

Accelerating the local roll-out of DAB+
28.07.2017 - France - France
The CSA has launched a public consultation paper, 'Accelerating the local roll-out of DAB+ and how to organise metropolitan applications'. In order to successfully deploy DAB+ in France, the Council proposes to accelerate deployment over the period 2018-2020 and considers various ways of organising a call for metropolitan applications. Responses to the consultation paper need to be sent in no later than 4 October 2017.
From CSA:

Update on the deployment of DAB+ in Europe
27.07.2017 - France - France
Today, 56% of the European population can receive a DAB+ radio signal. Take your DAB+ receiver on vacation with you this summer to discover the full diversity of digital radio now available across Europe.
From La Lettre Pro:

70,00 more listeners for the 1981 Group
27.07.2017 - France - France
Three radio stations that are part of Group 1981 - Latina, Ado and Voltage -have seen their audiences rise by more than 70,000 listeners daily across Île-de-France, making them the highest rating independent radio group in the region.
From La Lettre Pro:

WorldDAB to hold General Assembly in Paris
26.07.2017 - France - France
The WorldDAB General Assembly will be held in Paris on 7 and 8 November. An opportunity to participate, meet the global players who make digital radio but also to share your experiences on the ground.
From La Lettre Pro de la Radio:

V-Traffic, TDF and Alpine launch Radiobridge hybrid radio system
WorldDAB Members News - 29.06.2017 - TDF - Alpine Electronics R&D Europe GmbH - France - France
To prevent the loss of in-car radio reception while travelling, V-Traffic, TDF and Alpine have launched Radiobridge, a smart hybrid radio system for better radio program listening continuity.
From Traffic Technology Today:

DAB+ car radios appeal to car manufacturers
27.06.2017 - France - France
In 2016, 4.6 million new cars were sold with DAB+ radios. Across Germany, France, the United Kingdom, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Switzerland, Denmark and Australia almost 40% of the vehicles sold in these markets in 2015 were equipped with DAB+.
From Crooner:

Automotive industry is committed to DAB+ radio
23.06.2017 - Germany - Germany - France - France
In Munich at WorldDAB Automobile 2017, automotive manufacturers, regulators and the broadcast industry gathered to discuss the upward adoption of DAB radio In vehicles. During this event, WorldDAB presented the results of research on the user experience during the use of digital radio in cars, the first study of its kind.
From La Lettre Pro:

V-Traffic, TDF and Alpine announce the launch of Radiobridge
WorldDAB Members News - 23.06.2017 - TDF - Alpine Electronics R&D Europe GmbH - Germany - Germany - France - France
V-Traffic has announced its hybrid radio solution Radiobridge, at WorldDAB Automotive in Munich. Radiobridge was developed jointly with TDF, the European leader in media broadcasting, and already integrated into the service platform of the Alpine equipment manufacturer, this innovation offers drivers greater comfort in listening to radio in the car.
From La Lettre Pro:

Automotive industry embraces DAB+ radio
21.06.2017 - Germany - Germany - France - France
At the 2017 WorldDAB Automotive event, speakers from automotive manufacturers, regulators and the broadcast industry gathered to discuss the growing adoption of DAB radio in the car. View the French press release.
From WorldDAB:

CSA Plans Call for DAB+ Applications in Nantes and Rouen
20.06.2017 - France - France
France is looking to expand its use of DAB+ digital radio, with the Conseil supérieur de l’audiovisuel planning to launch a call for applications in Nantes and Rouen.
From Radio World:

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Key Information

Status: regular
Population: 63.0 million
Population coverage: Sparkline Graph 19%
Services: 115 DAB+
New cars with DAB/DAB+ as standard: Sparkline Graph 16%
Total Sales (cumulative): 948,000 devices
Penetration by household: Sparkline Graph 12%
Last update: 25.04.2017

Useful Links

ION 2009-258 of 5 March 2009 on audiovisual communication and the new public television service
Regulator (The Conseil supérieur de l’audiovisuel (CSA))
Deliberation No. 2013-31 of 16 October 2013 amending Resolution No. 2013-1 of 15 January 2013 relating to the fixing of rules for sharing the radio resource of digital terrestrial radio band III